Canada has a population that is extremely diverse, resulting in a rich and lively cultural scene. Canada provides a multitude of magnificent landscapes that can be explored during the four different seasons. For those who enjoy the outdoors, most of Canada is truly a vast wilderness and an exciting playground. You can go hiking, mountain climbing, skiing, or even visit a beach on the west or east coasts.
Ottawa, the fourth largest city in Canada, is the capital. Toronto and Montreal, the first and second cities of Canada in terms of population and economy, cultural and educational significance, respectively. Vancouver the third-largest city is a center for trade with other countries and the major western gateway to the emerging interior of Canada. The provinces of Canada are Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan. The three territories are Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon.
Out of many options to choose from Canada can be one of the most suitable countries for international students as it provides a world-class education that is recognized around the globe, affordable tuition fees, post-study work and immigration options, a welcoming culture, and its warm people.
It is a nation with an outstanding standard of living and where there are many opportunities in the field of study to get some experience. Many of Canada's universities are included in reputable international rankings, and the Canadian Ministry of Education's recent educational policy emphasizes growing the number of foreign students. Canadian college and university diplomas are recognized around the world. Living and tuition fees in Canada are usually lower for international students than in other nations, such as the United States and the UK. Among English-speaking countries, Canada is renowned for having some of the lowest university tuition fees. Whatever your budget may be, in the diverse selection of education choices, you can find something just right for you. Three Canadian cities Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver are included within the top 50 cities for students according to the rankings done by QS World University.
Canada offers all of its international students the opportunity to work during their semesters for up to 20 hours a week and full-time during the summer and winter breaks. International students from Canadian higher education institutions can work in Canada for up to three years after their course has been completed followed by the completion of the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PWPP), which provides a great opportunity to enhance your professional skills while living in Canada.
Calgary is a city in the western Canadian province of Alberta. It is situated at the combination of the Bow River and the Elbow River in the south of the province, in an area of foothills and prairie. Calgary's economy includes activity in the energy, financial services, film and television, transportation and logistics, technology, manufacturing, aerospace, health and wellness, retail, and tourism sectors. The Calgary Metropolitan Region is home to Canada's second-highest number of corporate head offices among the country's 800 largest corporations. Calgary experiences a humid continental climate within eastern parts of the city and a subarctic climate within western parts of the city due to an increase in elevation. The city has warm summers and cold, dry winters. According to Environment Canada, average daily temperatures in Calgary range from 16.5 °C (61.7 °F) in July to −6.8 °C (19.8 °F) in December.
Calgary was designated as one of the cultural capitals of Canada. Calgary's best-known event is the Calgary Stampede and is one of the largest festivals in Canada. It hosts a number of annual festivals and events. These include the Calgary International Film Festival, the Calgary Folk Music Festival, the Calgary Performing Arts Festival, Funny Fest Calgary Comedy Festival, Sled Island music festival, Beaker head, the Calgary Folk Music Festival, the Greek festival, Carifest, Word fest, the Lilac Festival, Global Fest, Ota fest, the Calgary Comic and Entertainment Expo, FallCon, the Calgary Fringe Festival, Summerstock, Expo Latino, Calgary Pride, Calgary International Spoken Word Festival, and many other cultural and ethnic festivals.
Tourist attractions in downtown include the Calgary Zoo, the Telus Spark, the Telus Convention Centre, the Chinatown district, the Glen bow Museum, the Calgary Tower, the Art Gallery of Calgary (AGC), The Military Museums and Arts Commons, the Devonian Gardens is one of the largest urban indoor gardens in the world. Attractions on the west side of the city include the Heritage Park Historical Village, depicting life in pre-1914 Alberta and featuring working historic vehicles such as a steam train, paddle steamer and electric streetcar.
There are five public post-secondary institutions in Calgary, including two major universities: The University of Calgary and Mount Royal University.
Edmonton is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta. Edmonton is on the North Saskatchewan River and is the center of the Edmonton Metropolitan Region, which is surrounded by Alberta's central region. Edmonton's historic growth has been facilitated through the absorption of five adjacent urban municipalities (Strathcona, North Edmonton, West Edmonton, Beverly and Jasper Place). Edmonton is a cultural, governmental and educational center. It hosts a year-round slate of festivals, reflected in the nickname "Canada's Festival City". It is home to North America's largest mall, West Edmonton Mall and Fort Edmonton Park, Canada's largest living history museum.
Edmonton has a humid continental climate. The city is known for having cold winters. Its average daily temperatures range from a low of −10.4 °C (13.3 °F) in January to a summer peak of 17.7 °C (63.9 °F) in July. With average maximum of 23.1 °C (73.6 °F) in July, and minimum of −14.8 °C (5.4 °F) in January.
Edmonton plays host to several large festivals each year. Downtown Edmonton's Churchill Square hosts numerous festivals each summer. The Works Art & Design Festival and showcases Canadian and international art and design from well-known award-winning artists as well as emerging and student artists. The Edmonton International Street Performer's Festival is one of its kind in North America. The Edmonton International Fringe Festival is the largest fringe theatre festival in North America. Other summer festivals in and around Edmonton include the Edmonton Heritage Festival, Taste of Edmonton, Chaos Alberta Festival, Interstellar Rodeo, Big Valley Jambore, Pigeon Lake Music Festival, Edmonton Rock fest, Edmonton International Reggae Jamboree Festival, Edmonton Blues Festival and Cariwest. Edmonton also hosts a number of winter festivals, one of the oldest being the Silver Skate Festival. Others are Flying Canoe Volant, Ice on Whyte and the Ice Magic Festival.
University of Alberta, Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, McEwan University, Concordia University College of Alberta are some of the best universities in Edmonton.
Toronto is the capital city of the Canadian province of Ontario. It is the most populated city in Canada and the fourth most populous city in North America, with a registered population of 2,731,571 in 2016. Toronto, known as one of the world's most multicultural and cosmopolitan cities, is an international center of commerce, finance, arts and culture. Toronto is a business-minded, conscientious, socially progressive, and pluralistic city. It is a city of many museums, theatres, festival events and sports activities. Toronto is one of the few cities in North America to retain its historic streetcar lines. These streetcars are not touristic streetcars, but are an integral part of the transit system.
Toronto's continental climate is moderated by Lake Ontario; its climate is among the mildest in Canada east of the Rocky Mountains, given Toronto's southerly latitude within the country. Downtown Toronto sits in a pocket of the humid continental climate zone found at the southwestern end of Lake Ontario covering the southern part of the city, including downtown (but excluding the Toronto Islands), where the annual average temperature exceeds 9 °C (48 °F). This difference partly results from the urban heat island effect. There is a high degree of variability from year to year and sometimes over a period of days, particularly during the winter months.
The city features a number of notable, internationally known festivals. It is home to the Toronto International Film Festival, one of the largest and most prestigious events of its kind in the world. It is also home to the Hot Docs Canadian International Documentary Festival, the largest documentary festival in North America. The Scotiabank CONTACT photography festival, one of the largest photography festivals in the world, showcases notable photographs from around the world.
Dishes that originated in the city or that are unique to it include Pea meal bacon, Pea meal bacon sandwiches, East Indian roti, Toronto-style pizza, sushi pizza, and many unique fusion cuisine dishes. The city celebrates its ethnic diversity through numerous food festivals.
The University of Toronto is a globally top-ranked public research university in Toronto. York University, Ryerson University are some of the best universities in Toronto.
Vancouver is a major city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia. Vancouver has the highest population density in Canada, which makes it the fifth-most densely populated city after New York City, Guadalajara, San Francisco, and Mexico City. Vancouver is one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse cities in Canada. Vancouver is consistently named as one of the top five worldwide cities for livability and quality of life, and the Economist Intelligence Unit acknowledged it as the first city ranked among the top ten of the world's most well-living cities for ten consecutive years. It also ranks as the most expensive city to live in Canada and as the fourth-most expensive housing market globally.
One of Vancouver’s major family attractions, the Vancouver Aquarium is inside the city’s vast and feature-filled Stanley Park. Hen in Vancouver, the Vancouver Art Gallery is a must visit. It hosts a rich variety of sculpture, photographic and video art exhibits. Exhibitions rotate seasonally, but it has a permanent collection comprising well over 11,000 artworks. Grouse Mountain is one of its most popular peaks. You can take the Sky ride aerial tramway, which speeds you to the summit at an elevation of around 4,100 feet, with breathtaking views over Capilano Lake and the scenic mountain range.
It is one of Canada's warmest cities during winter. Vancouver's climate is temperate by Canadian standards and is classified as oceanic or marine west coasts. During summer months the inland temperatures are significantly higher, Vancouver has the coolest summer in average in comparison to all major Canadian metropolitan areas.
Vancouver is a city with a rich and diverse culture, a mix of Pacific Northwest culture, First Nations history and art, and Chinese-Canadian and Asian-Canadian heritage. Vancouver's historic Chinatown is itself a cultural attraction, packed with amazing landmarks that includes the world's narrowest buildings, shops, and restaurants. In Vancouver, food festivals, including January's Dine Out Vancouver and May's BC Spot Prawn Festival, Steveston Village's famous Salmon Festival, are a wonderful way to get a taste of Vancouver's best local foods.
University of British Columbia, Simon Fraser University and University Canada West are some of the best universities In Vancouver. Students from different countries study within these universities, which provides a diverse study environment for the students.