How to Prepare for JEE Main and Advanced ?

How to Prepare for JEE Main and Advanced ?

How to Prepare for JEE Main and Advanced ?
Sailesh Sitaula

Preparing for the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main and Advanced can be a challenging yet rewarding journey for Indian students aspiring to pursue engineering careers. These exams are crucial for securing admission into prestigious engineering institutes across India. 

To succeed, a well-structured plan and effective strategy are essential. This blog aims to give students efficient planning, strategies, and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs) about JEE Main and Advanced preparation.



JEE Main

JEE Advanced


Admission to various engineering institutes, including NITs, IIITs, and GFTIs

Access to the prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT)

Examination Frequency

Conducted twice a year (January and April)

Conducted once a year


Anyone who has passed or is appearing for the 10+2 examination or equivalent

Only candidates who qualify for JEE Main are eligible to appear

Number of Papers

Paper 1 (B.E./B.Tech) and Paper 2 (B.Arch/B.Planning)

Single paper

Subjects Covered

Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics for Paper 1; Mathematics, Aptitude Test, and Drawing Test for Paper 2

Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics

Exam Format

Online (Computer-based) for Paper 1; Pen and Paper-based for Paper 2

Online (Computer-based)

Exam Pattern

Objective-type multiple-choice questions with equal weightage to all subjects

Combination of multiple-choice questions, numerical value questions, and questions with integer value answers

Total Marks

300 marks for Paper 1, 400 marks for Paper 2

Varies each year

Negative Marking

Yes, 1/4th mark deducted for each incorrect answer

Yes, negative marking for certain questions

All India Rank (AIR)

The percentile score determines the AIR

AIR is used for admission to IITs

Difficulty Level

Generally considered less challenging compared to JEE Advanced

Known for its high difficulty level

Counselling and Admission

Through JoSAA (Joint Seat Allocation Authority) for NITs, IIITs, and GFTIs

Through JoSAA for IITs

Efficient Planning:

Understand the Syllabus:

Before diving into your JEE Main and Advanced preparation, thoroughly understand the syllabus for both exams. The syllabus outlines the topics and subtopics you need to cover. This understanding will serve as the foundation upon which you'll build your study plan. It will also help you identify areas requiring more attention and time.

Create a Realistic Study Schedule:

Developing a well-structured study schedule is essential for adequate preparation. Start by dividing your available time into study blocks. Allocate specific time slots for each subject and topic, ensuring you cover all the subjects evenly. Remember to include time for learning new concepts, practising problems, and revising previously covered material. Remember to incorporate short breaks to recharge your mind and prevent burnout.

Conceptual Understanding:

Building a solid conceptual foundation is the key to mastering any subject. Instead of merely memorising formulas and facts, focus on understanding the underlying concepts. This approach will help you tackle various questions and problems during the exams. When your foundation is solid, solving complex issues becomes more manageable.

Resource Selection:

The abundance of study materials and resources available can be overwhelming. To prevent information overload, carefully select a few trusted resources. Choose textbooks, study guides, and online resources that align with your learning style. High-quality resources from reputable authors or institutions can clarify and deepen your understanding of the subjects.

Mock Tests and Previous Papers:

Regularly practising mock tests and solving previous years' papers is invaluable in your preparation journey. Mock tests simulate real exam conditions, helping you become familiar with the exam's time constraints and overall structure. Solving previous years' papers gives you insights into the types of questions that have been asked historically and helps you manage your time efficiently during the exam.

Consistent Revision:

Plan regular revision sessions into your study schedule. Revisiting concepts, formulas, and problem-solving techniques reinforces your memory and enhances your understanding. As you progress in your preparation, your revision sessions will help you consolidate and retain your knowledge for the long term.

Also, See How to score good marks in exams?

Effective Strategies:

Subject-wise Approach:

While preparing for the JEE exams, allocating your study time strategically across Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics is essential. Devote more time to subjects you find challenging while maintaining a balanced approach across all three subjects.

Problem Solving:

Solving problems effectively is a core skill for success in JEE exams. Focus on practising a diverse range of problems, varying in difficulty levels. Instead of rote memorisation of solutions, aim to understand the underlying problem-solving techniques. This approach equips you to adapt to different question formats and think critically.

Time Management:

Time management is critical during exams. During your practice tests, simulate exam conditions as closely as possible. Allocate time-based on the number of questions and the difficulty level. Learning to manage your time well ensures you can attempt all questions and prevent running out of time.

Strengths and Weaknesses:

Regularly assess your strengths and weaknesses in each subject. Identifying your vital areas allows you to maintain your proficiency while recognising weak areas enables you to allocate more time for improvement. Balancing both aspects ensures a comprehensive preparation strategy.

Stay Healthy:

Your physical well-being directly impacts your mental acuity. Prioritise sleep, maintain a balanced diet, and incorporate regular physical activity into your routine. Physical health supports your cognitive abilities, enabling you to study effectively and stay focused during preparation.

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What's the difference between JEE Main and JEE Advanced?

JEE Main is the first-level exam for admission to various engineering colleges, while JEE Advanced is the second-level exam for entry into the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).

When should I start preparing for JEE exams?

Ideally, start your preparation in Class 11, but there is still time to start if you're in Class 12. The earlier you start, the more time you'll have to cover the syllabus and practice.

How many hours should I study daily?

Quality matters more than quantity. Aim for 6-8 hours of focused, productive study each day and breaks.

Is coaching necessary for JEE preparation?

While coaching can provide structured guidance, self-study is also effective. The choice depends on your learning style and self-discipline.

How can I stay motivated during the preparation?

Set small goals, reward yourself after achieving milestones, and remind yourself of the bigger picture - a successful engineering career.

Can I take breaks during my JEE preparation?

Yes, breaks are essential for mental rejuvenation. Short breaks every hour and longer breaks during the day can enhance your overall productivity.

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