BSc Agriculture vs BSc Horticulture

BSc Agriculture vs BSc Horticulture

BSc Agriculture vs BSc Horticulture
Ashma Shrestha

Choosing a career after completing Class 12th is a crucial decision that students make. Various options are available, and students often need clarification about which course to choose. In recent years, BSc Agriculture and BSc Horticulture have gained popularity among students who want to pursue agriculture careers. Both these courses are related to agriculture, but they have different focuses. 

To pursue BSc in Agriculture or Horticulture, a student must have completed Class 12th with Science (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) as their core subjects. The minimum aggregate percentage required may vary from one college to another.

BSc Agriculture and BSc Horticulture are two main agricultural courses that students often need clarification on when choosing the best course after Class 12th, even though their career prospects differ. Both courses offer ample opportunities for employment in the government sector, subject to eligibility and performance in recruitment exams. Private companies producing seeds, fertilisers, and related areas hire graduates from both courses. However, the job roles and positions for BSc Agriculture and BSc Horticulture graduates can vary.

In this article, we will discuss BSc Agriculture and BSc Horticulture in detail and compare the two courses to help students make informed decisions.

Overview of BSc Agriculture and BSc Horticulture

BSc Agriculture

BSc Agriculture is a four-year undergraduate program studying agriculture and its related fields. The course includes Agronomy, Horticulture, Soil Science, Agricultural Economics, Plant Pathology, Plant Genetics, Plant Breeding, and more.

The BSc Agriculture program is a comprehensive undergraduate degree focusing on food production, irrigation, cultivation, and farming practices. The course provides students with in-depth theoretical and practical knowledge of cultivation science, including innovative techniques to enhance soil fertility. Additionally, students gain technical expertise in food production, water resource management, poultry management, and livestock maintenance.

The BSc Agriculture degree is widely recognised and respected both nationally and internationally. Graduates of the program have diverse career opportunities, and their job prospects remain secure even during economic downturns. This degree program offers a gateway to a dynamic and stable employment sector largely immune to recessions' effects.

BSc Horticulture

BSc Horticulture is a four-year undergraduate program focusing on horticulture, including fruits, vegetables, flowers, spices, and ornamental plants. 

BSc Horticulture is a specialised degree program that educates students on cultivating fruits, flowers, vegetables, tea, and other crops. The course curriculum is designed to provide theoretical and technical knowledge on cultivation practices, horticulture, postharvest management, and processing and storage of fruits, vegetables, and aromatic plants. 

This program is currently only recognised by Indian universities and government organisations, but it offers good career opportunities in cultivating various crops and the techniques required to promote their growth. If you want to learn about the techniques of growing vegetables, fruits, flowers, tea, and other crops, then pursuing a BSc Horticulture degree after completing your Class 12th education would be an excellent choice.

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Course Curriculum of BSc Agriculture and BSc Horticulture

BSc Agriculture and BSc Horticulture have different course curricula. Let's take a look at the course curriculum of both these courses.

Course Curriculum of BSc Agriculture

  • 1st Year: Fundamentals of Soil Science, Principles of Agronomy, Principles of Horticulture, Introduction to Plant Pathology, Principles of Agricultural Economics, Principles of Entomology, Principles of Plant Breeding, Principles of Plant Genetics.
  • 2nd Year: Soil Fertility Management, Irrigation and Water Management, Principles of Weed Science, Introduction to Plant Biotechnology, Principles of Seed Technology, Principles of Organic Farming.
  • 3rd Year: Crop Production Technology, Fruit Science, Vegetable Science, Commercial Floriculture, Agricultural Marketing and Trade, Agricultural Extension and Communication.
  • 4th Year: Agricultural Finance and Management, Farm Planning and Entrepreneurship, Livestock Production Management, Farm Machinery and Power, Agricultural Processing and Value Addition, Agroforestry and Silviculture.

Course Curriculum of BSc Horticulture

  • 1st Year: Fundamentals of Horticulture, Plant Physiology, Principles of Genetics, Fundamentals of Soil Science, Introduction to Plant Pathology, Principles of Agricultural Economics, Principles of Entomology.
  • 2nd Year: Fruit Science, Vegetable Science, Flower Production Technology, Landscape Horticulture, Nursery Management, Post-Harvest Management of Horticultural Crops.
  • 3rd Year: Plant Propagation, Seed Science and Technology, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Plant Breeding and Biotechnology, Protected Cultivation, Intellectual Property Rights and Marketing.
  • 4th Year: Commercial Floriculture, Production Technology of Spices and Condiments, Export and Import Procedures, Entrepreneurship Development, Soil and Water Management, Organic Farming.

Popular Entrance Exam

  • NEET (UG)
  • KCET
  • MP PAT

Career Opportunities after BSc Agriculture and BSc Horticulture

Students can choose various career options after completing BSc in Agriculture or Horticulture. Look at career opportunities available after completing a BSc in Agriculture and Horticulture.

Career Opportunities after BSc Agriculture

  • Agricultural Officer: An Agricultural Officer manages and oversees agricultural activities in a specific area. They work with farmers to improve their crop yield and provide technical support to farmers.
  • Farm Manager: A Farm Manager is responsible for the day-to-day operations of a farm. They manage crop production, livestock, and farm workers.
  • Agricultural Research Scientist: An Agricultural Research Scientist is responsible for researching various aspects of agriculture, including crop breeding, plant diseases, and soil fertility.
  • Agricultural Consultant: An Agricultural Consultant advises farmers and other agricultural businesses on improving their operations.
  • Agronomist: An Agronomist studies plants and their growth patterns. They work to improve crop yields and find ways to grow crops more efficiently.

Career Opportunities after BSc Horticulture

  • Horticulturist: A Horticulturist is responsible for cultivating plants, fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants. They also manage the maintenance of gardens, parks, and public spaces.
  • Landscape Architect: A Landscape Architect is responsible for the design and planning of outdoor spaces, including parks, gardens, and public spaces.
  • Floriculturist: A Floriculturist is responsible for cultivating flowers and ornamental plants. They work in the floriculture industry, which includes the production of cut flowers, potted plants, and foliage plants.
  • Nursery Manager: A Nursery Manager is responsible for managing the operations of a plant nursery. They oversee the production of plants and manage the nursery's employees.
  • Plant Breeder: A Plant Breeder is responsible for developing new plant varieties better suited to specific climates and growing conditions.

Comparison between BSc Agriculture and BSc Horticulture


BSc Agriculture

BSc Horticulture


The study of agriculture, including crop production, soil science, livestock management, and agricultural economics.

The study of cultivating, producing, and managing fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants.


Emphasis on crop production and livestock management.

Emphasis on the cultivation of fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants.

Career options

Agronomist, plant breeder, soil scientist, agricultural economist, farm manager, and livestock specialist.

Horticulturist, greenhouse manager, landscape designer, nursery manager, and plant researcher.

Course content

Soil science, genetics, plant pathology, agricultural engineering, animal science, and agricultural economics.

Plant science, horticultural engineering, plant breeding, plant propagation, and plant pest management.

Job opportunities

Agriculture companies, government agencies, farms, agribusinesses, research institutes, and educational institutions.

Landscaping companies, nurseries, garden centres, botanical gardens, farms, research institutions, and educational institutions.

Salary Potential

Average salary range of $30,000-$75,000 

Average salary range of $25,000-$70,000 

Related industries

Agriculture, food production, livestock management, and farming.

Landscaping, nursery production, flower and plant production, and garden design.

Required skills and traits

Strong analytical skills, problem-solving ability, attention to detail, good communication skills, and physical stamina.

Good communication skills, creativity, attention to detail, problem-solving ability, and a passion for plants and gardening.

Top Colleges in India

BSc Agriculture

  • Universal Group of Institutions (UGI), Mohali
  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University
  • Jagannath University, Jaipur
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya (JNKVV), Jabalpur
  • Mahatma Jyoti Rao Phoole University, Jaipur

BSc Horticulture

  • Dolphin PG College of Science & Agriculture, Chandigarh
  • College of Horticulture (CH), Bagalkot
  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University
  • Central Agricultural University: College of Horticulture & Forestry (CAUCHF), Passighat
  • The Horticultural College & Research Institute (HC&RI), Periyakulam

Which is the Best Option after Class 12th?

BSc Agriculture and BSc Horticulture are excellent options after Class 12th for those interested in pursuing a career in agriculture or related fields.

BSc Agriculture focuses on the general study of agriculture and its various aspects, such as crop production, soil science, agriculture economics, animal husbandry, and farm management. Graduates of this program can work in areas such as research, extension, farming, agribusiness, and other related fields.

On the other hand, BSc Horticulture focuses on studying horticulture, which includes cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants. Graduates of this program can work in areas such as nurseries, landscaping, agricultural consultancies, and other related fields.

Both fields have significant opportunities for growth and development, and both offer exciting career options. Students should choose the program based on their interests, skills, and career goals, as both fields have tremendous opportunities for growth and development.

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