Agriculture has always been an important field of study, as it is directly related to the survival of human beings. Today, agriculture has become even more critical as the world faces the challenge of feeding a growing population. The world population is expected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050, which means the demand for food will increase drastically. This is where the field of agriculture plays a vital role, and a Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Agriculture has emerged as a good course for students who want to pursue a career in this field.
Agriculture is a rapidly growing sector in the Indian economy. As a result, many students are interested in pursuing BSc agriculture courses to secure jobs in this thriving industry. Graduates with a BSc in agriculture have promising career prospects in both the private and government sectors.
The salary of BSc agriculture graduates can vary between INR 2.5 to 6 LPA depending on various factors such as the college they graduate from, their skills, experience, and professional position. With 2-3 years of industry experience, one can earn anywhere between INR 4-6 LPA.
This article provides information on various BSc agriculture jobs, salary packages, government job opportunities, scope, recruiters, and career opportunities abroad.
What is BSc Agriculture?
BSc Agriculture is an undergraduate degree course focusing on agriculture, including everything related to farming, food production, and environmental sustainability. The course is designed to equip students with the knowledge and skills required to tackle the challenges in agriculture. The course covers plant breeding and genetics, soil science, agriculture economics, horticulture, forestry, and agricultural engineering.
The course is usually four years long, divided into eight semesters. However, the duration of the course may vary depending on the university or institute offering the course.
Why Study BSc Agriculture?
As agriculture diversifies, the demand for skilled professionals has significantly increased. From managing farms to marketing agricultural products to processing food to dairy management to universities and research institutions, there is a great need for trained agriculture professionals to address the challenges of rapid technological advancements in these fields.
Pursuing a Bachelor of Science in Agriculture is relatively affordable compared to other professional courses such as engineering, medicine, or hotel management. The average tuition fees for BSc in agriculture are significantly lower. Additionally, government universities and colleges offer scholarships to support students in financing their education.
The agriculture and allied sectors have remained resilient to economic downturns and pandemics and registered better growth than other industries. While other sectors have experienced layoffs, pay cuts, and forced resignations, the agriculture sector remained unaffected. The demand for feeding the world population is constant; thus, the agriculture industry will always remain stable.
The agriculture and allied sectors have presented numerous opportunities for young entrepreneurs with innovative ideas. There are several untapped areas in agriculture where entrepreneurs can invest their resources, including organic farming, bio-fertilizers, vermicomposting, greenhouse development, herbal plantation, agro-product packaging, and establishing cold storage facilities. These are just a few examples of the various opportunities available.
Eligibility criteria for admission to BSc Agriculture
The eligibility criteria for admission to BSc Agriculture may vary from one institute to another. However, some standard eligibility criteria include the following:
- The candidate must have completed 10+2 from a recognised board with a minimum of 50% aggregate marks in the science stream (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Mathematics).
- The candidate must have cleared the entrance exam conducted by the university or institute offering the course.
- To apply, the candidate must have taken the MHT-CET exam in the same year as the application.
- Additionally, the candidate must have reached the age of 16 before submitting their application.
Scope of BSc Agriculture
BSc Agriculture offers a vast scope for students who wish to pursue a career in this field. Here are some areas where a BSc Agriculture graduate can find employment:
Agricultural research is one of the most critical areas of agriculture. The research helps find new and innovative ways to improve crop yield and quality. As an agricultural researcher, a BSc Agriculture graduate can work in research institutes, universities, and government agencies.
Agricultural engineering involves the application of engineering principles to agriculture. As an agricultural engineer, a BSc Agriculture graduate can design and develop new agricultural machinery and equipment. They can also work on developing irrigation systems, soil conservation, and crop storage facilities.
Agronomy is the study of crop management and soil science. A BSc Agriculture graduate can work as an agronomist, where they can advise farmers on the use of fertilisers, pesticides, and other inputs to improve crop yield.
Horticulture involves the study of plants and their cultivation. A BSc Agriculture graduate can work as a horticulturist, where they can develop new varieties of plants, improve the quality of fruits and vegetables, and work on plant breeding.
Dairy technology involves the study of milk and its products. A BSc Agriculture graduate can work in the dairy industry as a dairy technologist, where they can oversee the processing and production of dairy products like milk, cheese, and butter.
Forestry involves the study of trees and their management. A BSc Agriculture graduate can work in forestry as a forest officer, where they can manage forests, preserve biodiversity, and work on forest conservation.
Plant pathology is the study of plant diseases and their management. As a plant pathologist, a BSc Agriculture graduate can work in research and development to develop new ways to control plant diseases and improve crop yield.
Agricultural economics involves the study of the economic aspects of agriculture. A BSc Agriculture graduate can work as an agricultural economist, where they can work on market analysis, pricing, and marketing strategies for agricultural products.
Career Opportunities in BSc Agriculture
BSc Agriculture offers many career opportunities. Here are some job profiles that a BSc Agriculture graduate can pursue:
As an Agriculture Officer, a BSc Agriculture graduate can work with government agencies or financial institutions. They can work on agricultural loans, subsidies, and insurance policies for farmers. They can also work on agricultural extension services, advising farmers on best agriculture practices.
As a research scientist, a BSc Agriculture graduate can work in research institutes, universities, or private companies. They can develop new crop varieties, improve crop yield, and develop new agriculture technologies.
As an agricultural engineer, a BSc Agriculture graduate can design and develop new machinery and equipment for agriculture. They can work on irrigation systems, soil conservation, and crop storage facilities.
Agricultural Sales Representative
As an agricultural sales representative, a BSc Agriculture graduate can work in sales and marketing for agricultural products like fertilisers, pesticides, and seeds. They can also work on developing marketing strategies for agricultural products.
Food Safety Manager
As a food safety manager, a BSc Agriculture graduate can work in the food industry, ensuring that the food produced is safe for consumption. They can work on food safety regulations, quality control, and hygiene standards.
As a farm manager, a BSc Agriculture graduate can manage farms and oversee agricultural production. They can work on managing resources like land, water, and labour and improving crop yield and quality.
As an agricultural economist, a BSc Agriculture graduate can work on analysing the economic aspects of agriculture. They can work on market analysis, pricing, and marketing strategies for agricultural products.
As a horticulturist, a BSc Agriculture graduate can work on cultivating and managing plants. They can develop new plant varieties, improve the quality of fruits and vegetables, and work on plant breeding.
As a plant breeder, a BSc Agriculture graduate can work on developing new plant varieties with improved traits like yield, disease resistance, and quality.
Average Salary (per annum)
Research, experiment and develop new techniques and products to improve crop production, soil conservation, and food processing
INR 4,50,000 - INR 7,00,000
Design and develop machinery and equipment used in agriculture and irrigation systems
INR 4,00,000 - INR 6,50,000
Work with farmers to guide crop production, land management, and animal husbandry practices
INR 3,00,000 - INR 5,00,000
Develop and improve food products, packaging and processes for the preservation and storage of food
INR 3,50,000 - INR 6,00,000
Manage and oversee daily farm operations, including budgeting, production, and staff management
INR 3,00,000 - INR 5,50,000
Develop and implement plans to conserve soil and water resources and prevent soil erosion
INR 3,50,000 - INR 6,00,000
Write and report on topics related to agriculture, farming practices and the latest developments in the industry
INR 2,50,000 - INR 4,50,000