Country Comparison: Canada vs. Australia

Country Comparison: Canada vs. Australia

Country Comparison: Canada vs. Australia
Ashma Shrestha

As a student, choosing the right country to study abroad in can be daunting. With so many options available, it can take time to determine which country is the best fit for your needs. The purpose of this guide is to compare Canada and Australia to help you make an informed decision about your study abroad destination.

Studying abroad is an excellent opportunity to gain new experiences, broaden your horizons, and enhance your career prospects. It provides a chance to learn in a different cultural environment, develop a global perspective, and improve language skills.

This article compares Canada and Australia, two popular study-abroad destinations for Indian students. We will compare factors such as cost of living, quality of education, job prospects, and lifestyle to help you make an informed decision.








Population (2021)

38.1 million

25.8 million

Official Languages

English and French



Canadian Dollar (CAD)

Australian Dollar (AUD)

Time Zone

6 time zones

3 time zones

Primary Language



Other Commonly Spoken Languages


Mandarin, Italian, Arabic




Indigenous Population

First Nations, Inuit, and Métis

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples


Poutine, maple syrup, Nanaimo bars, butter tarts

Vegemite, meat pies, Tim Tams, ANZAC biscuits

Average Monthly Rent (1-Bedroom Apartment)

CAD 1,500

AUD 1,400

Average Monthly Utility Bill (Electricity, Gas, Water)

CAD 150

AUD 200

Average Monthly Internet Bill

CAD 75

AUD 70

Primary Education

Mandatory and free

Mandatory and free

Secondary Education

Mandatory and free

Mandatory and free

Tertiary Education

Wide range of universities and colleges

Wide range of universities and colleges

Unemployment Rate (February 2023)



Minimum Wage

CAD 15 per hour

AUD 20.33 per hour

Average Salary (per year)

CAD 62,000

AUD 87,000

Temperature Range (in Celsius)

Varies from -35°C to 35°C

Varies from 0°C to 50°C

Average Annual Precipitation

537 mm

534 mm


Canada and Australia have diverse populations, including indigenous peoples, immigrants, and descendants of colonial settlers. Both countries also strongly focus on outdoor activities, including hiking, skiing, and water sports.

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However, there are also significant cultural differences between the two countries. In Canada, there is a strong emphasis on individualism and personal freedom, while in Australia, there is a greater focus on egalitarianism and a "fair go" for all. Canada is also known for its French and British influences, while Australia has a unique Aboriginal culture that plays an important role in its national identity.

Cost of Living:

The cost of living in Canada and Australia can vary significantly depending on the city or region. Here is a detailed table comparing the cost of living in the two countries based on data from Numbeo:




Rent (1 bedroom)

CAD 1,200-1,800

AUD 1,200-1,800


CAD 150-200

AUD 200-250


CAD 300-400

AUD 400-500

Dining out

CAD 15-25 per meal

AUD 20-40 per meal


CAD 100-150

AUD 120-150

Overall, Australia tends to be slightly more expensive than Canada, particularly regarding utilities and dining out.

Education System:

Canada and Australia have excellent education systems, focusing on providing high-quality education to students from a young age. However, there are some differences in their educational systems.

In Canada, education is managed at the provincial level, meaning each province has its curriculum and standards. In Australia, education is managed at state and federal levels, with a common curriculum for all students.

Both countries have a range of educational institutions, from primary schools to universities, and both strongly emphasise higher education. Canada has many world-renowned universities, including the University of Toronto and McGill University. The University of Melbourne and the University of Sydney are highly regarded in Australia.

Work Opportunities:

Canada's diverse job market offers many job opportunities for Canadians and immigrants. The country is known for its strong technological, finance, manufacturing, natural resources, and healthcare industries. Additionally, Canada has many programs to support skilled workers and entrepreneurs looking to move to the country.

Australia also offers a range of work opportunities, particularly in industries such as mining, agriculture, and healthcare. The country has a relatively low unemployment rate, and its government has implemented policies to attract skilled workers and entrepreneurs.

As of January 2023, Canada's unemployment rate is 6.3%, which is relatively low compared to other countries. Australia's unemployment rate as of February 2023 is 4.4%, which is also relatively low.

Canada's main industries include natural resources (oil, gas, and mining), manufacturing, technology, and healthcare. The service sector (including banking, retail, and tourism) significantly contributes to the Canadian economy.

Australia's main industries include mining (particularly coal, iron ore, and gold), agriculture (livestock and crops such as wheat and barley), and healthcare. The country is also known for its strong financial sector and tourism industry.

The average annual salary in Canada is approximately CAD 60,000, although this varies widely depending on the industry, job, and location. The average annual salary in Australia is approximately AUD 85,000, varying depending on the industry, job, and location.


Canada and Australia have distinct climate patterns. Canada is known for its cold winters and warm summers, ranging from -40°C to +35°C. Precipitation varies depending on the region, with the west coast experiencing high levels of rainfall and the prairies experiencing dry conditions. Natural disasters in Canada include wildfires, floods, and tornadoes.

Australia has a range of climates, from tropical in the north to arid in the interior and temperate in the south. Temperatures range from 0°C to 50°C, with the warmest months being December through February. Australia is known for its stunning natural landscapes, which include beaches, deserts, and rainforests. The country experiences occasional natural disasters like wildfires, floods, and cyclones.


Which country has a better education system: Canada or Australia?

Both countries have highly respected education systems with world-renowned universities. According to the QS World University Rankings 2022, Canada has three universities in the top 50, and Australia has five. However, it ultimately depends on your specific field of study and personal preferences.

Which country is more affordable to study in: Canada or Australia?

Overall, Canada is considered to be more affordable than Australia when it comes to tuition fees and living costs. However, it also depends on the location and the type of institution you choose.

Which country has better job prospects for international students: Canada or Australia?

Both countries have good job prospects for international students. Canada has a Post-Graduation Work Permit program, which allows international students to stay and work in Canada for up to three years after graduation. Australia also has a post-study work visa program, which allows international students to work for up to four years after graduation.

Which country has better weather: Canada or Australia?

This depends on your personal preferences. Canada has a range of climates, from cold and snowy winters to mild summers, while Australia has a more consistently warm climate. It's important to consider how the weather will affect your lifestyle and study habits.

Which country has a higher cost of living: Canada or Australia?

Overall, Australia has a higher cost of living than Canada, especially regarding accommodation and food. However, it also depends on the location and lifestyle you choose.

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