B Tech Mechanical Engineering

B Tech Mechanical Engineering

B Tech Mechanical Engineering
Saru Niraula

B Tech Mechanical Engineering is an undergraduate program focusing on mechanical engineering principles, their applications and related technologies. 

The four-year program gives students a strong foundation in mathematics, physics, and engineering sciences.

During the course, students study various topics related to mechanical engineerings, such as thermodynamics, mechanics, materials science, manufacturing processes, robotics, automation, and the design of mechanical systems. 

The program also includes laboratory work, internships, and projects to provide practical training to the students.

After completing a B Tech Mechanical Engineering program, graduates can work in various automotive, aerospace, energy, manufacturing, and construction industries. 

They can also pursue higher studies such as Master or Doctoral degrees in Mechanical Engineering or related fields.

This article will teach you about a Bachelor of Technology in Mechanical Engineering. Continue reading the article to know more.

Why study BTech Mechanical Engineering? 

  1. Diverse career opportunities: A degree in mechanical engineering opens up various career opportunities in industries like automotive, aerospace, manufacturing, energy, robotics, and many others. Mechanical engineers are in high demand and play a crucial role in developing and designing products and systems.
  2. Problem-solving skills: Mechanical engineering involves applying principles of physics and mathematics to design, analyse, and manufacture machines and systems. As a result, mechanical engineers develop excellent problem-solving skills that can be applied to various fields.
  3. Hands-on experience: Mechanical engineering involves practical applications and hands-on experience designing and building machines, systems, and prototypes. This means you will have plenty of opportunities to apply theoretical concepts to real-world problems.
  4. High earning potential: Mechanical engineering is a lucrative field with high earning potential. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for mechanical engineers in the United States is over $88,000.
  5. Innovation and creativity: Mechanical engineering is a field that requires creativity and innovation to come up with new designs and solutions. It is an exciting field that allows you to make a difference and impact the world.

BTech Mechanical Engineering: Admission Process

B Tech Mechanical Engineering
B Tech Mechanical Engineering

A BTech Mechanical Engineering program's admission process varies from institution to institution. However, here are the general steps involved in the admission process:

  1. Meet the eligibility criteria: Check the eligibility criteria of the institution offering the BTech Mechanical Engineering program. The eligibility criteria may include minimum marks in 10+2 (or equivalent) exams, age limit, and other requirements.
  2. Entrance Exam: Some institutions may require you to take an entrance exam, such as JEE Main, JEE Advanced, or any other state-level or national-level engineering entrance exam.
  3. Application Form: Fill out the institution's application form where you want to enrol. You can apply online or offline, depending on the institution's guidelines.
  4. Counselling: Shortlisted candidates will be called for counselling. During counselling, you will be allotted a seat based on your rank and availability of seats.
  5. Seat Confirmation: After the seat allotment, you must confirm your seat by paying the admission fee within the specified time frame.
  6. Document Verification: You must produce the original documents for verification, such as 10+2 mark sheets, birth certificate, category certificate (if applicable), and any other required documents.
  7. Commencement of Classes: You can attend classes once you complete all the above steps and pay the fees.

It is essential to keep track of the admission process timelines and stay updated with the institution's website or official notifications. 

It is also advisable to gather information about the institution's placement record, faculty, infrastructure, and other essential details before applying for admission.

BTech Mechanical Engineering: Eligibility Criteria

Here are the general eligibility criteria for most institutions:

  • Age limit: The candidate should be at least 17 years old on or before 31st December of the year of admission.
  • Educational Qualification: The candidate should have completed a 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognised board with compulsory subjects in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.
  • Minimum marks: The candidate should have secured a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate in the 10+2 examination.
  • Entrance Exam: Some institutions may require the candidate to appear for an entrance exam like JEE Main, JEE Advanced, or any other state-level or national-level engineering entrance exam.
  • Other requirements: Some institutions may have additional requirements like physical fitness, medical fitness, etc.

BTech Mechanical Engineering: Top Entrance Exams

One can take several entrance exams for admission to a BTech Mechanical Engineering program in India. Here are some top entrance exams:

  • Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main: This is a national-level engineering entrance exam conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). JEE Main is India's most popular entrance exam for admission to BTech programs. JEE Main is conducted twice yearly, and the best score is considered for admission.
  • JEE Advanced: This is the second stage of the JEE Main exam. It is conducted for admission to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and other top engineering colleges in India.
  • BITSAT: This is an online entrance exam conducted by the Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) for admission to BTech programs.
  • VITEEE: This is a university-level entrance exam conducted by the Vellore Institute of Technology for admission to BTech programs.
  • SRMJEEE: This is a university-level entrance exam conducted by the SRM Institute of Science and Technology for admission to BTech programs.
  • MHT CET: This is a state-level entrance exam conducted by the State Common Entrance Test Cell, Maharashtra, for admission to various engineering colleges in the state.
  • AP EAMCET: This is a state-level entrance exam conducted by the Andhra Pradesh State Council of Higher Education for admission to various engineering colleges.

Top Colleges for BTech Mechanical Engineering with Tuition Fees

Here is a list of the top Colleges in India for BTec in Biotechnology with tuition fees per year.

College Name


Tuition Fees (per annum)

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi


Rs. 2,24,000

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay


Rs. 2,20,000

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur


Rs. 2,18,000

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur


Rs. 2,21,000

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras


Rs. 2,23,000

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee


Rs. 2,18,000

National Institute of Technology (NIT) Trichy


Rs. 1,40,000

National Institute of Technology (NIT) Surathkal


Rs. 1,50,000

Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) Pilani


Rs. 4,23,000

Delhi Technological University (DTU)


Rs. 1,18,000

International Institute of Information Technology


Rs. 3,50,000

Jadavpur University


Rs. 12,500 (approx.)

PSG College of Technology


Rs. 2,20,000

Manipal Institute of Technology


Rs. 4,32,000

Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT)


Rs. 1,98,000

Note: The tuition fees mentioned in the table may vary depending on the category of the student, mode of admission, and other factors.

BTech Mechanical Engineering: Syllabus

Here's a table showing the syllabus for BTech Mechanical Engineering:


Topics Covered


Calculus, Differential Equations, Linear Algebra, Numerical Methods, Probability and Statistics


Statics, Dynamics, Mechanics of Materials, Theory of Machines and Mechanisms


Laws of Thermodynamics, Steam Boilers, Combustion and Fuels, Heat Transfer

Manufacturing Technology

Metal Casting, Metal Forming, Machining Processes, Welding, Material Science

Materials and Metallurgy

Engineering Materials, Structure and Properties of Materials, Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, Phase Transformations, Iron-Carbon Equilibrium Diagram

Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer

Fluid Statics and Dynamics, Bernoulli's Equation, Reynold's Number, Viscosity, Boundary Layer Theory, Convection, Conduction, Radiation

Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Circuit Analysis, AC and DC Machines, Power Generation and Transmission, Microprocessors

Computer-Aided Design and Manufacturing

AutoCAD, Pro-E, CATIA, CAM, CNC Machines

Control Engineering

Control System Components, Block Diagrams, Feedback Control, PID Controllers

Engineering Drawing and Graphics

Orthographic Projections, Isometric Projections, Sectional Views, Auxiliary Views

Industrial Engineering and Management

Work Study, Production Planning and Control, Quality Management, Inventory Control, Total Quality Management

How to Prepare for the Entrance Exam

Preparing for an entrance exam for BTech Mechanical Engineering requires a structured approach, dedicated effort, and time management. 

Here are some tips to help you prepare for the entrance exam:

  • Know the exam pattern: Get familiar with the exam pattern, number of questions, marking scheme, and exam duration. This will help you plan your preparation strategy accordingly.
  • Create a study plan: Set a schedule that includes all the subjects and topics you must cover. Allocate time for each topic based on its importance and difficulty level.
  • Refer to textbooks and study materials: Collect the relevant textbooks and study materials for the exam. It is recommended to start with NCERT books and then move to reference books and study materials from reputable publishers.
  • Take mock tests: Practice mock tests and previous year's question papers to understand better the exam pattern, time management, and question types.
  • Practice numerical problems: For subjects like Mathematics, Mechanics, and Thermodynamics, practice numerical problems regularly to improve your problem-solving skills.
  • Join coaching classes: A coaching class can help you get additional guidance, expert tips, and access to study materials and mock tests.
  • Stay focused and motivated: Stay motivated and focused on your goal. Take breaks when needed, and don't stress yourself too much.

Jobs and Career Options

BTech Mechanical Engineering graduates have many job opportunities. Here are some famous job roles and career options available for BTech Mechanical Engineering graduates:

  • Mechanical Engineer: The most common job role for BTech Mechanical Engineering graduates is a Mechanical Engineer. They are involved in designing, developing, and testing mechanical systems like engines, machines, and tools.
  • Production Engineer: Production Engineers are responsible for efficiently producing goods and services. They plan, design, and implement production processes to meet quality, cost, and time targets.
  • Quality Control Engineer: Quality Control Engineers ensure that the products and services meet the required quality standards. They test and inspect products, identify defects, and suggest improvements.
  • Maintenance Engineer: Maintenance Engineers ensure that machinery and equipment function correctly. They schedule and perform routine maintenance, diagnose and repair equipment problems, and suggest improvements to increase efficiency.
  • Research and Development Engineer: Research and Development Engineers are involved in developing new products and technologies. They conduct research, design experiments, and analyse data to develop and improve new products.
  • Design Engineer: Design Engineers are involved in the design and development of new products, such as machines, tools, and equipment. They use computer-aided design (CAD) software to create designs, test and modify prototypes, and suggest improvements.
  • Project Manager: Project Managers oversee the planning, execution, and monitoring of projects. They ensure that projects are completed on time, within budget, and meet the required quality standards.
  • Technical Sales Engineer: Technical Sales Engineers sell technical products and services to customers. They have in-depth knowledge of the product and its features and provide technical support to customers.

Apart from these job roles, BTech Mechanical Engineering graduates can also explore opportunities in research and development, academia, government agencies, and consulting firms. They can also opt for higher studies, such as M.Tech, MBA, or PhD, to advance their career.

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