BSc in Agriculture: Course, Career Scope and Salary Prospects

BSc in Agriculture: Course, Career Scope and Salary Prospects

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BSc in Agriculture: Course, Career Scope and Salary Prospects
Ashma Shrestha

The Bachelor of Science in Agriculture, commonly known as BSc Agriculture, is an undergraduate degree program designed to provide students with knowledge and skills in agriculture. This program covers various aspects of agriculture, including crop production, soil management, animal husbandry, horticulture, and agricultural economics. 

The Bachelor's degree program in agriculture typically takes four years to complete. It covers a range of subjects, including agriculture science, the utilization of modern scientific tools and techniques in agriculture, land surveying, soil science, water resource management, animal and poultry management, and the fundamentals of biotechnology. 

The program's primary goal is to equip students with the knowledge and skills to enhance agriculture productivity, manage agricultural products, and contribute to the sector's future development through research activities.

India's agriculture sector is the biggest employer in the country, and it has benefited from increased urban and rural incomes over time. The sector has experienced significant growth and improvement in recent decades, thanks to support laws and reforms, the widespread adoption of digital technology, and significant investments.

Due to various policies and reforms, the Indian agriculture industry has changed significantly since the 1950s. In the past five years, however, the industry has experienced unprecedented growth and disruptive innovations, creating attractive employment opportunities.

This article will explore some of the most sought-after agriculture degrees, their eligibility criteria, curriculum, scope, and top job opportunities.

Why study BSc in agriculture in India?

There are several reasons why studying BSc in agriculture in India can be a good choice for students interested in pursuing a career in this field:

  • Agricultural Sector: Agriculture is one of the most critical sectors in India, contributing significantly to the country's economy. By pursuing a BSc in agriculture, you can gain in-depth knowledge about various aspects of agriculture and be a part of this vital sector.
  • Diverse Curriculum: The BSc agriculture program in India covers various subjects, including soil science, plant pathology, entomology, horticulture, and agriculture economics. This enables students to understand the agriculture sector and its various aspects comprehensively.
  • Job Opportunities: There is a growing demand for professionals with a degree in agriculture in India. Graduates can work in various fields, such as agriculture research, agribusiness, food processing, rural development, and more. Moreover, the government is also promoting agriculture and providing better employment opportunities in this sector.
  • Hands-on Learning: BSc agriculture programs in India often involve practical training and fieldwork. Students get hands-on experience in various agricultural practices, such as crop cultivation, soil testing, pest control, and more. This practical experience is valuable when seeking employment in the agriculture sector.
  • Research Opportunities: India has several reputed research institutes and universities that offer opportunities for research in various fields of agriculture. Students pursuing a BSc in agriculture can avail themselves of these opportunities and develop their research skills.

Course Curriculum

BSc Agriculture is a four-year undergraduate program with theoretical and practical courses. The course curriculum is designed to give students a comprehensive understanding of the agriculture industry. The following subjects are covered in BSc Agriculture:

  • Agricultural Science: This subject covers the basic principles of agriculture, including plant breeding, crop production, soil management, and livestock management.
  • Agronomy: This subject focuses on crop production, including seed production, cultivation practices, and crop protection.
  • Soil science studies soil, including its composition, structure, and properties. It also covers soil management practices and their impact on crop productivity.
  • Horticulture is the cultivation of fruits, vegetables, and flowers. It includes plant propagation, nursery management, and post-harvest management.
  • Animal Husbandry: This subject covers the management of domestic animals, including their breeding, nutrition, and health.
  • Agricultural Economics: This subject focuses on the economic aspects of agriculture, including the market structure, supply and demand, and government policies.

Eligibility Criteria

  • To be eligible for admission in B.Sc agriculture, candidates must have finished their class XII studies from a recognized board.
  • To be eligible for admission, candidates must have studied physics, chemistry, and biology at the qualifying exam level.
  • Candidates should have cleared their qualifying exams with a minimum aggregate of 50% to be eligible for admission.
  • Candidates who have studied Mathematics at the qualifying level can also apply for admission, provided they have also studied Biology and other science stream subjects.
  • Candidates must be at least 18 to be eligible for admission in B.Sc agriculture.

Popular Entrance Exam

  • MP PAT

Top University for BSc in Agriculture

University Name


Fees per Year (in INR)

Indian Agricultural Research Institute

New Delhi


Tamil Nadu Agricultural University

Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu


G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology

Pantnagar, Uttarakhand


Punjab Agricultural University

Ludhiana, Punjab


Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University

Guntur, Andhra Pradesh


Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University

Hisar, Haryana


Junagadh Agricultural University

Junagadh, Gujarat


Anand Agricultural University

Anand, Gujarat


Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth

Rahuri, Maharashtra


Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya

Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh



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Career Scope

BSc Agriculture offers many career opportunities in both the public and private sectors. The following are some career options available for BSc Agriculture graduates:

India's economy heavily relies on agriculture, and graduates with a BSc in Agriculture have various job opportunities in the private and government sectors. Organizations like NABARD and the Ministry of Agriculture offer lucrative job prospects in agricultural science. Private firms that produce agricultural products also require skilled individuals to improve their production techniques and business. 

Furthermore, as sustainable agriculture methods become increasingly necessary, there is a growing need for research in this field, which creates additional opportunities for graduates.

BSc Agriculture graduates have numerous employment options in the agriculture industry, not only in India but also in other countries. Food processing, dairy, poultry, fertilizer manufacturing, FMCG, and educational institutions offer the best career opportunities for these professionals. Graduates can qualify for these roles and gain valuable agricultural industry experience with their degrees. 

In addition to stable employment, self-employment opportunities are available for BSc Agriculture graduates. They can establish their consulting firm and advise farmers on enhancing their farming operations and crop yields.

Salary Prospects

The salary prospects for BSc Agriculture graduates vary depending on the job role, industry, and location. The following are some of the average salaries for various job roles in the agriculture industry:

  • Agricultural Officer: The average salary for an agricultural officer in India is around INR 4 to 6 lakhs per annum.
  • Agricultural Scientist: The average salary for an agricultural scientist in India is around INR 6 to 8 lakhs per annum.
  • Farm Manager: The average salary for a farm manager in India is around INR 3 to 5 lakhs per annum.
  • Agricultural Engineer: The average salary for an agricultural engineer in India is around INR 5 to 7 lakhs per annum.
  • Horticulturist: The average salary for a horticulturist in India is around INR 2 to 4 lakhs per annum.
  • Agricultural Extension Officer: The average salary for an agricultural extension officer in India is around INR 3 to 5 lakhs per annum.


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