Butwal: Green City of Nepal

Butwal: Green City of Nepal

Butwal: Green City of Nepal
Bishal Thapa

Butwal is a sub-metropolitan city and one of the twin cities of Nepal's rapidly growing Butwal-Bhairahawa urban agglomeration. It lies in Lumbini Province, Rupandehi District. It was given the title “Green City of Nepal 2019”. This city stands beside the bank of Tilottama or Tinau River and at the northern edge of the Terai plain below the Siwalik Hills. 

Its name, Butwal, was derived from Batauli Bazaar, the town's oldest residential area on the Tinau River's western bank. Butwal is a lively city comprising panoramic views of hills and plains. It is one of the fastest-growing cities in Nepal for education, infrastructure, highways, marketing, health and safety, communication, trade, and banking sectors. 

It has highway connections to the Indian border at Sunauli and the hilly towns of Tansen and Pokhara Valley. According to the 2001 census, most of the population in Butwal consists of Pahari immigrants from nearby hill districts, especially Palpa, Arghakhanchi, Gulmi and Syangja. 

There are also students, ex-Gurkha soldiers, commonly called Lahure, and a significant Madheshi population.

Weather and climatic conditions in Butwal

The climate here is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed yearly precipitation. In summer, it is primarily influenced by moist, maritime airflow from the western side of the subtropical anticyclone cells over low-latitude ocean waters. 

Temperatures are high and can lead to warm, oppressive nights. Summers are usually wetter than winters, with much rainfall from convectional thunderstorm activity. The coldest month is usually relatively mild, although frosts are not uncommon, and winter precipitation is derived primarily from frontal cyclones along the polar front.

Education in Butwal

Butwal is set to be an educational hub in the Rupandehi district. The literacy rate in this city is also considered to be high. Lumbini Engineering Management & Science College (Affiliated with Pokhara University) was established to decentralize engineering education and to reduce the compulsion to go abroad for technical education. 

Universal College of Medical Sciences (UCMS), affiliated with T.U and recognized by the Nepal Medical Council (NMC), is considered the pioneer institute in Nepal in medicine & dentistry. Butwal Multiple Campus is one of the biggest campuses of Lumbini Zone. 

It offers different Bachelor’s and Master’s programs affiliated with Tribhuvan University. Kshitiz International College (KIC), a co-educational institute affiliated with Pokhara University, has been imparting the BBA program.

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