Scope of Journalism in India

Scope of Journalism in India

Scope of Journalism in India
Suman Adhikari

Journalism plays a crucial role in society by providing accurate and timely information to the public. Journalism has witnessed significant growth in India and offers aspiring journalists many opportunities. In this article, we will explore the scope of journalism in India, including career prospects, skills required, and the evolving nature of the industry.

Read Bachelor of Journalism and Mass Communication in India

Introduction to Journalism in India

India has a diverse and vibrant media landscape comprising print, broadcast, and digital platforms. The country has a robust tradition of journalism, with numerous established media houses and a growing number of independent news organisations. Journalism in India covers various topics, including politics, economy, culture, sports, and entertainment.

Career Prospects in Journalism

The scope of journalism in India is vast, with numerous career prospects available for aspiring journalists. Some of the popular career paths in journalism include:

  • Print Journalism: Working for newspapers and magazines as reporters, feature writers, columnists, or editors.
  • Broadcast Journalism: Pursuing a career in television or radio journalism as a news anchor, reporter, correspondent, or producer.
  • Online Journalism: Writing for news websites, online publications, or working as a digital content creator.
  • Investigative Journalism: Uncovering and reporting on important issues, exposing corruption, and holding those in power accountable.
  • Photojournalism: Telling stories through impactful and powerful visual imagery as photojournalists.
  • Sports Journalism: Covering sports events, interviewing athletes, and analysing sports-related news.
  • Business Journalism: Reporting on the economy, finance, and corporate news.
  • These are just a few examples of the diverse career paths within journalism. The field offers opportunities for individuals with different interests and strengths.

Skills Required for Journalists

To succeed in the field of journalism, specific skills and qualities are essential. These include:

  • Excellent Communication Skills: Journalists must have strong written and verbal communication skills to gather effectively and present information to the audience.
  • Curiosity and Research Skills: A journalist should be curious, hungry for knowledge and have the ability to conduct thorough research to gather accurate information.
  • Critical Thinking and Analytical Skills: Journalists must analyse complex situations, identify key elements, and present information clearly and concisely.
  • Objectivity and Ethics: Maintaining objectivity and adhering to ethical standards is crucial for journalists to ensure the accuracy and fairness of their reporting.
  • Adaptability and Resilience: Journalists often work in fast-paced and unpredictable environments. The ability to adapt quickly and handle pressure is essential.
  • Digital Skills: With the rise of digital journalism, proficiency in digital tools, social media, and online platforms is increasingly essential for journalists.
  • Developing these skills through academic programs, internships, and practical experience is crucial for aspiring journalists.




Bachelor of Mass Communication


3 years

Bachelor of Journalism and Mass Communication (BJMC)


3 years

BJ (Bachelor of Journalism)


3 years

BSc in Journalism and Mass Communication


3 years

BBA in Mass Communication and Journalism


3 years

BA in Mass Media and Mass Communication


3 years

Master of Journalism


2 years

Master in Journalism and Mass Communication (MJMC)


2 years

Master of Mass Communication


2 years

MSc in Mass Communication


2 years

Evolving Nature of Journalism

Like many other countries, the journalism field in India has witnessed significant changes due to technological advancements and the rise of digital media. The advent of the internet and social media platforms has transformed the way news is consumed and disseminated. This shift has created new opportunities and challenges for journalists.

Digital journalism has allowed real-time reporting, multimedia storytelling, and increased audience engagement. Journalists can now access a global audience and explore innovative formats such as podcasts, video journalism, and interactive storytelling. However, it has also brought challenges, such as the spread of misinformation and the need to navigate ethical dilemmas in the digital age.

Despite these challenges, the demand for quality journalism remains high. The role of journalists in holding power accountable, informing the public, and shaping public opinion continues to be crucial in a democratic society like India. Journalists can bring about positive change by uncovering stories that need to be told and by giving a voice to the marginalised and underrepresented.

Entrance Examinations for Journalism Programs

Admission to most colleges and universities that offer journalism courses in India typically involves a written entrance examination followed by a personal interview round. The written exam assesses candidates' knowledge and aptitude in various areas, including English, Logical Reasoning, Current Affairs, General Awareness, and Media Awareness. However, it is worth noting that some institutions also offer direct admission to candidates based on their performance in the qualifying exam, such as Class XII or graduation. Below are some of the well-known entrance examinations conducted for journalism programs:

  • Jamia Millia Islamia Entrance Exam: This examination is conducted by Jamia Millia Islamia University and serves as a gateway for admission to its journalism courses.
  • XIC OET (Xavier Institute of Communications Online Entrance Test): XIC OET is an entrance examination conducted by Xavier Institute of Communications, Mumbai, for its various media and communication programs, including journalism.
  • IIMC Entrance Exam (Indian Institute of Mass Communication): IIMC conducts an entrance exam to select candidates for its prestigious journalism programs at various campuses across India.
  • ACJ Entrance Exam (Asian College of Journalism): ACJ conducts an entrance examination to evaluate candidates' aptitude and knowledge for admission to its journalism courses.
  • DCJ Entrance Exam (Department of Communication and Journalism, Pune University): DCJ, Pune University, conducts an entrance examination to select candidates for its journalism and mass communication programs.
  • GMCET (Guru Nanak Dev University Communication and Entrance Test): GMCET is conducted by Guru Nanak Dev University for admission to its journalism and mass communication programs.
  • JNUEE (Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Exam): JNUEE is a university-level entrance examination conducted by Jawaharlal Nehru University for admission to various programs, including journalism and mass communication.
  • CUET (Christ University Entrance Test): CUET is conducted by Christ University, Bangalore, for admission to its journalism and mass communication programs.
  • DUET (Delhi University Entrance Test): DUET is conducted by the University of Delhi for admission to its journalism and mass communication programs offered by various affiliated colleges.

Importance of Journalism in Indian Society

Journalism plays a vital role in Indian society by fulfilling several essential functions:

  1. Informing the Public: Journalism provides citizens with accurate and reliable information about events, issues, and policies that affect their lives. It helps people make informed decisions and participate in the democratic process.
  2. Promoting Accountability: Journalists act as watchdogs, holding individuals, institutions, and the government accountable for their actions. Through investigative reporting, journalists expose corruption, abuse of power, and other wrongdoings.
  3. Giving Voice to the Voiceless: Journalism amplifies the voices of marginalised communities, allowing their stories and concerns to be heard. It brings attention to social injustices, discrimination, and human rights violations, sparking conversations and driving change.
  4. Promoting Transparency: Journalism fosters transparency by promoting access to information and ensuring the public understands government policies, public initiatives, and corporate practices.
  5. Providing a Platform for Public Discourse: Journalism provides a platform for diverse perspectives and opinions, facilitating public discourse and debate. It helps shape public opinion and encourages dialogue on critical issues.
  6. Preserving Democracy: A free and independent press is a cornerstone of democracy. Journalism is crucial in upholding democratic values, promoting freedom of speech, and safeguarding democratic institutions.

Challenges in Journalism

While the scope of journalism in India is vast, it also faces several challenges:

  • Fake News and Misinformation: The digital era has made spreading misinformation and fake news easier. Journalists face the challenge of combating false information and ensuring the accuracy and credibility of their reporting.
  • Threats to Press Freedom: Journalists in India often face threats, intimidation, and violence while reporting sensitive issues. Press freedom is essential for a vibrant and democratic society, and safeguarding the safety and independence of journalists is crucial.
  • Commercial Pressures: The media industry relies on advertising revenue, which can influence editorial decisions and compromise journalistic integrity. Journalists must navigate the balance between commercial interests and delivering unbiased news.
  • Lack of Diversity: There is a need for more excellent representation and diversity within journalism. Ensuring that voices from various communities, genders, and regions are adequately represented in the media is essential.
  • Ethical Dilemmas: Journalists often face ethical dilemmas while reporting sensitive stories or handling confidential information. Upholding ethical standards and maintaining integrity are crucial in such situations.

Despite these challenges, journalism in India continues to evolve and adapt to the changing media landscape. The demand for reliable, unbiased, quality journalism remains high, creating opportunities for passionate and skilled journalists.

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What is the scope of journalism in India?

The scope of journalism in India is vast and dynamic. With the rise of digital media, there is a growing demand for skilled journalists who can report, analyse, and communicate news and information across various platforms.

What are the career prospects in journalism in India?

Journalism offers a wide range of career prospects in India. Graduates can work as news reporters, editors, feature writers, broadcast journalists, photojournalists, media researchers, content creators, and more.

What skills are required for a successful career in journalism?

To excel in journalism, individuals need strong communication skills, both written and verbal. They should have a passion for storytelling, research skills, critical thinking abilities, the ability to work under pressure, adaptability, and ethical integrity.

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