Legal Aptitude

Legal Aptitude

Legal Aptitude
Sailesh SitaulaThu Aug 25 2022

A person who not only understands the law but also knows how to apply it in a specific situation is known as a lawyer. Legal aptitude can teach you how to grasp and use legal ideas.

Legal reasoning is one of the most significant components of the legal aptitude section regarding marks allotted. The Legal Aptitude section in Law entrances tests your legal "reasoning," not legal "knowledge." The area aims at judging a student's legal aptitude, research aptitude, and problem-solving ability.

The other part is Legal Knowledge, which consists of questions based on legal facts and current events related to the field of law. Legal Reasoning questions focus on legal propositions, where a set of facts and a principle of law exist. The given code and points need to be correlated. Wherever we come across a technical/legal term in the question, explain the word in the text of the legal principle itself.

Legal aptitude is one of the critical components of law admission exams. Legal Aptitude questions are one of the most challenging aspects of tests that students frequently encounter, yet they are relatively simple. 

Legal aptitude has two parts. The first 35 questions were based on principle-fact questions, while the last 15 were on legal maxims.

What is legal aptitude?

Legal Aptitude questions assess the student's ability to solve problems related to the legal concerns at hand. The Legal Aptitude part comprises mainly of two types of questions: Legal Reasoning and Legal GK (including legal maxims and critical judgments).

Regarding marks, Legal Reasoning is the most crucial component in the legal aptitude section. Legal General Knowledge is the other component, which comprises questions based on present and past scenarios in the field of law.

It covers number pattern learning, calculations without formulae, logical correlations, historical data and analysis, and so forth. This topic is introduced by ICSI to offer a quick introduction to legal elements and to test students' logical reasoning.

Topics Covered Under Legal Aptitude

The topics covered in the Legal Aptitude test are:

  • Constitution of India
  • Indian Constitution Contract Act
  • Law of Torts
  • Fundamentals of Company Secretaries Regulation
  • Companies Act 2013- It introduces the major legal components of our Indian Constitution and specific business and commercial regulations.

How to Study Legal Aptitude?

CLAT Legal Aptitude GK questions cover many topics, including constitutional law, fundamental rights, directive principles of state policy, amendments, and landmark judgment. Some methods to ace legal aptitude are as follows:

  • To prepare for Legal Aptitude, you must be well-versed with the essential provisions of the constitution, particularly the fundamental rights.
  • Also, memorize all the significant modifications to the constitution, and use a list of essential legal maxims while creating legal maxims. Examine the CLAT Study Plan, which experts have suggested.
  • However, do not go over every legal norm from A to Z. Only a handful are relevant to the CLAT Legal Aptitude portion.
  • Examine the CLAT Previous Year Question Papers to determine which ones are relevant. Please make a note of them and thoroughly study them.

Sample questions: 

Principle: Anyone who transfers moveable property with the intent of dishonestly moving it out of the custody of another person without that person's agreement is said to commit theft.


A gave B his Watch for safekeeping. B sells the Watch to C, although he is not permitted to do so. B gets charged with theft.

  1. a) B committed stealing because he profited from it.
  2. b) Because he had the watch, B is not guilty of stealing.
  3. c) Because A gave him the watch, B is not guilty of stealing.
  4. d) B is guilty of stealing since he caused A to suffer an unjust loss.

Tips to solve Legal Aptitude Questions

List of essential information to help you solve legal aptitude questions.

  • Read the principle first, then the facts without glancing at the answer options.
  • Read the premise again and then answer the question.
  • On the surface, B has committed theft; nevertheless, if you reread the principle, you will understand that robbery is when someone takes something out of someone's possession without their agreement.
  • However, because the goods were in B's hands, the issue is a breach of trust rather than theft, as A transferred the stuff to B and misused it.
  • As a result, we can automatically eliminate alternatives (a) and (d) 
  • When choosing between (b) and (c), (b) is the better option since it follows the initial premise.

Law entrance exam where legal aptitude is required.

Various law entrance examinations like CLAT, UPES (LLB), ALET, MAH CET (LLB), and SLAT uses legal aptitude entrance exam.

List of entrance exams

Name of exam


CLAT(Common Law Admission Test).

There is no age limit. The minimum educational limit is that the student should be appearing or have appeared in the Higher Secondary school examination (Class 12th).

AILET(All India Law Admission Test).

There is no age limit, but the candidate must have passed 12th with a minimum of 50% marks.

SLAT(Symbiosis Law Admission Test).

Same as above

BLAT(Banaras Hindu University Law Admission Test).

Same as above

MH CET(Maharashtra Common Entrance Test).

Same as above.

IPU CET(Indraprastha University Common Entrance Exam).

Same as above. A student who has taken the CLAT test can also be admitted.

LSAT(Law School Admission Test for India)

The candidate must have passed 12th with a minimum of 50% marks.

Key points to remember for last-minute legal aptitude preparation.

The Basic understanding is fundamental.

Those seeking a last-minute preparation method should study a few key points. First, the topic's fundamental comprehension cannot be overlooked. Due to time constraints, students might refer to the books offered by coaching institutes or purchase the condensed version of topic books. These books provide suggestions on the subject.

Past year paper is fundamental.

Second, previous years’ papers are the finest weapon in this situation. A person with limited time might begin their preparation by sifting through the relevant sections of the previous year’s papers. If students are pressed for time, they can review the last year's legal papers by watching YouTube videos.


The legal aptitude portion can be readily comprehended if the following recommendations stated in the article are memorized. Once these fundamentals are covered, students can resort to the materials that are freely available online.

However, one caveat is that the internet contains a wealth of preparatory material, which can be both a benefit and a problem. It is a boon since the learner may refer to the information as needed.

The downside is that too many materials may confuse students and divert them from methodical preparation. As a result, students should only use internet resources when they have a solid understanding of the fundamentals of Legal Aptitude.

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