How to Become School Principal?

How to Become School Principal?

How to Become School Principal?
Bijay PoudelTue Dec 27 2022

The principal leads the whole school community, including students, teachers, staff, parents, and community partners. They serve as the district leadership's point of contact with the school.

Principals of schools are frequently former teachers who have chosen to take on this leadership role to enhance their careers. 

They may have advanced from being a teacher in a classroom to being an assistant or vice principal. To learn more about this position, read the article below.

Who is a School Principal?

A principal is the school's headmaster or the person in charge of specific tasks in a business. An adjective with the meaning of original, first, or most significant is principal. 

The principal runs a school's daily operations and maintains its numerous systems.

What are the roles and responsibilities of the School Principal?

  • Hiring and educating teachers.
  • Managing a school's business concerns, both financial and administrative.
  • Establishing rules for policy and practice in collaboration with the school council.
  • Communicating with parents, other schools, and the larger community.
  • Putting systems and processes in place to monitor student enrollment and school performance
  • Overseeing the upkeep of school buildings to ensure a secure working environment for employees and students.
  • Establishing a uniform code of conduct for the school and enforcing discipline there.
  • Networking with nearby schools and going to gatherings and conferences.
  • Planning and supervising educational curriculum that complies with standards set by municipal and state governments in collaboration with teachers and personnel.

How to Become School Principal? Qualifications

Critical-thinking Skills

The performance of the kids at the school on specific standardised examinations is frequently used to evaluate principals. They ought to be allowed to go through test results and make adjustments. The ability to assess the whole learning process and implement improvements is a must for school principals. For the benefit of beginning readers, the elementary school administrator, for instance, may implement a reading buddy system.

Strong Interpersonal Skills

Strong interpersonal abilities are yet another quality a school principal should possess. Working with teachers, support staff, the school board, the state education department, parents, students, and the community requires the school principal to be at ease. There can be individuals from various cultural origins in these groups who have different viewpoints on running the school.

Problem-solving Capabilities

Various issues arise in a school. A principal must be able to handle a wide range of concerns, from kids who have behavioural problems to facility management requirements. The principal should be capable of quickly analysing the issue, coming up with a suitable solution, and putting it into practice using the resources at hand.

Additionally, the principal needs to collaborate to find answers to issues.

Rapid Decision-making Skills

School administrators need to be able to decide wisely in a hurry regarding pressing issues. For instance, when the weather is bad, a school principal may need to determine whether or not to close the facility. Long-term problems, will also require good decision-making abilities. Various matters may influence long-term choices, so a principal should feel confident in receiving feedback, weighing it, and reaching the best choice overall.

Excellent communication skills

Everyone must be able to grasp the principal's communication. English may be a second language for some of the school's pupils and parents. Principals should be aware of sensitive subjects and avoid disrespectful language or phrases. A school principal needs to be capable of speaking and writing clearly. The administrator should make the students feel as though they are being heard.

Other Skills

  • Problem-Solving Skill
  • Decision Making Skill
  • Leadership skill
  • Communication skills
  • Critical Thinking skill

Steps to Becoming a Successful School Principal

Academic Requirements

  • 10+2 degree in a related field
  • Evaluating the abilities of other teachers
  • Assisting teachers in enhancing their classroom instruction
  • Directing and controlling a school
  • Interacting with both parents and students
  • Addressing legal difficulties
  • Budgeting effectively and looking for financing opportunities
  • Hiring and supervising employees and instructors
  • Acquiring cross-cultural competence to teach in many contexts

Acquire more knowledge after high school.

Most states require school administrators to hold a license in school administration in addition to a bachelor's degree, teaching experience, and a master's degree. State-by-state differences exist in the credentials and licensing requirements for high school principals. Candidates who have completed the Diploma in Elementary Education (D. Ed) program are qualified to serve as primary section school principals.

Experience (work and related fields)

To become a principal, one must have prior teaching experience. Applicants must have at least 5 to 10 years of teaching experience. Working your way up through the teaching ranks will allow you to develop the leadership skills and knowledge necessary to be a successful principal. Principals frequently advance from the teaching ranks. Before becoming a principal, having at least three years of teaching experience will allow you to improve your abilities and learn what it takes to be a productive teacher.

Training (job or related fields)

Various school systems demand certification as a classroom teacher, which may, after that, be necessary for admission to some degree programs. Training as developing the school with creative initiatives and programs and expanding enrollment with sound administrative practices.


Principals are employed in elementary, middle, or high schools in either the public or private sectors. Public schools hold most principal positions. Principals are pressured to find talented teachers, address financial problems, stop bullying, fulfil achievement goals, and update technology constantly.

Employment areas

  • Government School
  • Elementary school
  • Private school
  • Public school
  • Community School
  • University
  • Collage

Job titles

  • School principal
  • Professor
  • Teacher
  • Education consultant
  • Instructional coordinator

Salary of School Principal

Let us see the average annual salary of School Principals in some popular countries.


Annual Average Salary of  School Principal


$124,959 (AUD)/yr


$ 3.912.465 (ARS)/yr


72.076 € (EUR)/yr


R$196.125 (BRL)/yr


$110,921 (CAD)/yr


¥318,888 (CNY)/yr

Costa Rica

₡19 410 860 (CRC)/yr


605.063 kr. (DKK)/yr


169,540 ج.م.‏ (EGP)/yr


66 801 € (EUR)/yr


67 153 € (EUR)/yr


75.029 € (EUR)/yr

Hong Kong SAR

HK$586,107 (HKD)/yr


₹19,48,480 (INR)/yr


58.566 € (EUR)/yr


¥8,545,005 (JPY)/yr


RM122,943 (MYR)/yr


$598,327 (MXN)/yr


€ 71.540 (EUR)/yr

New Zealand

$108,780 (NZD)/yr


147 867 zł (PLN)/yr


41 130 € (EUR)/yr

Russian Federation

1 480 767 ₽ (RUB)/yr


CHF 112'145 (CHF)/yr


54.664 € (EUR)/yr


฿1,256,383 (THB)/yr


£57,199 (GBP)/yr


485 460 ₴ (UAH)/yr

United Arab Emirates

225,452 د.إ.‏ (AED)/yr

United States

$105,921 (USD)/yr


507.326.599 ₫ (VND)/yr

Training Course for School Principals

Let us talk about some degrees to become a successful School Principal.





Diploma degree in Education Policy

Diploma degree in leadership

Diploma degree in administration

Diploma degree in school law

Diploma degree in public policy

Diploma degree in educational technology


Bachelor’s degree in instructional leadership.

Bachelor’s  degree in Educational Leadership

Bachelor’s  degree in Educational Specialist

Bachelor’s  degree in College Student Affairs Administration

Bachelor’s  degree in Educational Administration and Policy

Bachelor’s  degree in Educational Leadership & Policy

Bachelor’s  degree in Administration & Supervision

Bachelor’s  degree in Public Administration

Bachelor’s  degree in Education Policy and Management

Bachelor’s  degree in Educational Leadership


Master’s degree in Educational Administration and Policy

Master’s degree in Student Personnel in Higher Education;

Master’s degree in Educational Leadership

Master’s degree in Education Policy, Organizations and Leadership;

Master’s degree in Leadership in Higher Education

Master of School Administration

Master’s degree in Administration & Supervision

Master’s degree in Education Policy and Management


PhD in  Education Policy

PhD in  Organizations and Leadership

PhD  in Educational Administration and Policy

PhD in  Education: Administration & Supervision

PhD  in Counseling and Student Personnel Services;

Pros and Cons of Becoming a School Principal

Although they may, principals sometimes ask for the staff's assistance in carrying out their responsibilities. The Pros and Cons of Becoming a School Principal Principals don't simply establish school regulations; they also ensure that they are upheld.

Advantages of becoming School Principal.

  • Best Salary
  • High responsibility job
  • Control over management
  • A feat for polite people
  • Friendly environment
  • Work in a free environment

Disadvantages of becoming a School Principal

  • Challenging job
  • High risk of dissolve
  • Stressful job
  • No family time
  • Face new challenges every time
  • Work for long hour
  • Attend every event at school
  • Involvement of politics

How to Become School Principal: FAQs

What makes a principal successful?

More generally, highly effective teachers possess leadership, interpersonal connections, organisation, communication, and goal-setting skills. According to evaluations of school leadership, a principal's duties include planning, implementing, supporting, advocating, and monitoring.

What does a principal do all day?

They manage the faculty and staff at the school, plan the curriculum, and give the kids a secure and effective learning environment. Additionally, principals provide academic guidance to students, establish educational goals, and carry out the policies and procedures established by the federal, state, and local governments.

Why do principals quit?

Usually, the choice is taken when the principal realises that issues make the position untenable and that a move might be advantageous to them personally. The principal can feel burned out or discover that their romantic view of the position differs from reality.

Is being a principal stressful?

According to a recent poll, burnout affects 48%, and job-related stress affects 85% of school administrators.

What power does a principal have?

Nevertheless, much research has demonstrated that principals' most significant contributions to their schools are instructional leadership. Which, according to ASCD, includes "sustaining a school vision, sharing leadership, leading a learning community, using data to make instructional decisions, and monitoring.

What rank is the principal?

The principal is the senior primary, secondary, or boarding school staff member. Principals normally report to the school superintendent directly. However, in more extensive school systems, they may also write to the superintendent's designee, who is frequently an associate superintendent.

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