How to Become Electronics Engineer

How to Become Electronics Engineer

How to Become Electronics Engineer
Ankita KhadkaWed Jun 22 2022

Electronics engineering takes into account everything from the physical properties of materials to the human-machine interface. 

Electronic engineers are responsible for designing electronic devices used in a wide range of applications. They work closely with other engineering disciplines to develop products that meet customer needs. 

Electronic engineers have a longer career prospect as they are required by almost every industry dealing with modern equipment and technologies. In those various sectors, electronic engineers provide their expertise to develop products ranging from computer systems to weapons guidance systems.

So, if you are looking for an opportunity to build your career in the technology field of this digitalization and electronic era, you might opt to become an electronic engineer. But again, to become and have a successful career is never as simple as it appears to be. 

Here are a few guiding steps on how to become an electronic engineer and successfully pursue the profession.  

Who is an Electronics Engineer?

An electronics engineer (EE) designs and develops electronic equipment that performs specific functions. They are responsible for creating products from scratch that can make our lives easier. 

Their expertise as an electronic engineer lies in the design, development, and testing of electrical circuits that control and monitor the operation of devices like computers, televisions, automobiles, robots, aircraft, cellular phones, etc. When building these devices they use a variety of tools including oscilloscopes, logic analyzers, digital multimeters, and other signal processing equipment. 

Electronics engineers may specialise in as many areas including computer hardware and software, telecommunications, microelectronics, power distribution, instrumentation, automotive electrical components, aerospace systems, biomedical engineering, robotics, industrial automation, and many other specialisation sectors of the field. 

What are the Roles and Responsibilities of an Electronics Engineer? 

  • In most of the companies and varied positions, most of the electronics engineers are required to take-on the following responsibilities:
  • Designing circuits and systems that perform specific functions
  • Testing circuit designs to ensure efficient operation creating test procedures to verify proper operation
  • Ensuring that equipment meets specifications
  • Monitoring equipment performance
  • Overseeing overall manufacturing circuits process: soldering components together, printing circuit boards, or even building circuits out of plastic
  • Proficient conduct of the type of testing needed to be done on electronics to ensure their quality and safety
  • Design, implement, test, debug, maintain, repair, troubleshoot, and develop software
  • Provide technical support, write documentation, and train related personnel on the use of equipment.

Qualification Required to Be an Electronics Engineer

  1. Equivalent Knowledge

The first thing that is necessary to become an electronics engineer is the required knowledge. You need to have a good understanding of how electronic components work. This means knowing what each component does and how they are used together. If you don't know how things work, then you can't build them. 

  1. Mathematics Education

Mathematics education is extremely important if you want to become an electronics engineer. You must be able to develop equations that describe what happens in circuits.

For this, you are required to take courses that teach you advanced maths topics including calculus, trigonometry, linear algebra, probability theory, and statistics. As you go through your coursework, you will begin to realise the importance of mathematics in electronics engineering.

  1. Wide Variant of Skills

Electronics engineers need to have skills in using different types of tools and equipment. They may have to use soldering irons, oscilloscopes, voltmeters, multimeters, and computer-aided design (CAD) software while working with different projects so proficiency is a must in the skillset factor. Further, some electronic engineers may even need to learn programming languages like C++, Java, and Python depending on the specialisation factor. 

  1. Electrical Engineering Knowledge

In addition to being familiar with the fundamental building blocks of electronics, this field requires knowledge of integrated circuits, semiconductors, analog circuitry, digital circuitry, wireless communications, and radio frequency (RF). 

Therefore, to become an electronic engineer, you also need to have a solid understanding of electrical engineering principles. You must be able to use analog and digital circuits to build different types of devices. In addition, a good understanding of these areas of electrical engineering allows you to design and develop many different types of electronic devices. 

  1. Problem-Solving skills

An electronics engineer has to be creative while solving different types of problems in their profession. An electronics engineer must be able to analyse a situation, identify its flaws, and then create a solution that works well. 

With creativity, you must as well be able to find solutions to problems without having to rely solely on trial and error. This creativity is not only helpful in terms of problem-solving, but it is also necessary in order to stay updated with the latest trends in technology.

  1. Patience

You should have patience when building circuits. When you're working with different types of components, it may take some time before you get everything right. However, if you keep at it, you'll eventually figure out how to make your circuit work. 

Hence, if you don’t have patience, this line of work goes through constant ‘errors and trials’ process might not be for you. 

  1. Dedication

Dedication is something that is needed to be successful as an electronics engineer. You need to dedicate yourself to learning about electronics. Once you've learned enough, you'll start to understand how things work. Then you can apply this knowledge to create your own designs. 

Without enough dedication and hard work, it might not be easy to climb the success ladder in one of the most competitive employment sectors of engineering. 

Process to Become Electronics Engineer

  • Learn Electronics

If you have a passion for the field, you could get training for any specialisation field, however, the most effective way would be to get a degree from a recognized university. 

Degree Programs for  Electronics Engineer

Bachelor's Degree Programs

Bachelor of Applied Science in Electrical Engineering

Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng.) in Electronics and Data Engineering

Electrical and Electronic Engineering BEng (Hons)

BEng (Hons) Electrical and Electronic Engineering with Industry

Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering

Diploma in Electronics Engineering Technician

Advanced Diploma of Electronics and Communications Engineering

Advanced Diploma in Electromechanical Engineering Technology

Bachelor of Electrical and Computer Systems Engineering (Honours)

Bachelor of Applied Science in Electronic Systems Engineering

 

Master’s Degree Programs

MSc Electronics Engineering (18-month route)

MSc Communications and Signal Processing

Master of Engineering (Electronic Engineering)

Wireless and Optical Communications MSc

Advanced Electronic and Electrical Engineering MSc

ME Electronic and Computer

MRes in Connected Electronic and Photonic Systems

Electronics & Nanoscale Engineering PhD/MPhil/MSc (Research)

Master of Electronic and Computer Engineering

Microelectronic and Communications Engineering MSc (with Advanced Practice)

MSc Systems Engineering (Electronic) & Engineering Management

Electronic Communications and Computer Engineering MSc

MSc Engineering (Cybernetics and Communications)

  • Understand Your Interests

Take some time to understand yourself and your interests. What are you good at? What kind of activities do you enjoy doing? Who inspires you? Do you feel excited when you think about certain topics? Once you get a clear idea of what you want to pursue, then you should choose a specialisation field that interests you. 

  • Get Certified 

CETma, EIT, IND, PMP, and CEA are some of the world-recognized certification programs in electronic engineering. Getting certified will gain you recognition in the specific field which will not only work as a strong portfolio but will also add relevant experience to the specialisation sector of your desire. 

  • Internship

Most international universities provide internship opportunities to the students in their electronic engineering programs from within the university. 

However, if you feel like that’s not enough you could apply for internship programs during your university years or after graduating. An internship will add great value to your portfolio which will be reflected in the job position and salary. 

Salary of Electronics Engineer 

Electronic engineering is one of the high-paying professions that has an average annual income of $81,360, on a $53,000 - $126,000 scale. Basically, the salary will be determined by the relevant number of experience in the field and the certification level.

Here is the general salary structure of electronics engineers around the world:

Country

Average Annual Income of Electronics Engineer

USA

$81,360

United Kingdom

£30,369

Germany

€50,740

Australia 

AU$71,872

Canada 

C$65,190

India 

₹409,769

China 

¥187,000

Nepal 

रू482,685

Russia

7,20,000₽

France 

€36,859

Poland 

62,571zł

Advantages and Disadvantages of Becoming Electronics Engineer

Electronics engineering is a discipline that guarantees you a worthwhile career with rich growth opportunities and financial benefits. 

Some of the benefits of being an electronics engineer are but not limited to as mentioned below:

Advantages

  • Steady pay, electronic engineers are paid well compared to other jobs
  • Technology everywhere, as the fields of electronics, continue to expand, so does the need for qualified individuals to fill these positions
  • Opportunities for advancement
  • You'll learn something interesting every day, you’ll be using different kinds of technologies on a daily basis
  • Exposure to a wide variety of skills makes you a jack of all trades
  • There is no limit to what you can do professionally, a wide range of specialisation fields
  • Singled-out projects and opportunities for self-creation
  • Opportunity to dabble in a wide variety of other disciplines

With advantages, every sector has some disadvantages too. However, in comparison, those flaws are very insignificant.

Disadvantages

  • Electronics engineers usually work long hours since they need to keep themselves updated with the latest trends in their field
  • Stressful profession, constant phases of errors, and tests might get really stressful and frustrating
  • Repetition, without room for growth you could end up spending your life doing the same job over and over again
  • Bored out of mind, as the professional spend most of their on their own

Career as Electronics Engineer

An electronics engineer may specialise in just one area or they may have a broad background that allows them to work in multiple areas. Electronics engineers work in many different industries including:

Sectors:

  • Electronic Design & Development 
  • Telecommunications
  • Aerospace
  • Computer 
  • Industrial 
  • Appliance & Instrumental
  • Nuclear 
  • Broadcast
  • Sound and Visual Effects
  • AI/ML

Job Titles:

  • Electronics Engineer
  • Electrical Engineer
  • Control and Instrumentation Engineer
  • Mechanical Engineer
  • Nuclear Engineer
  • Design Engineer
  • Aerospace Engineer
  • Manufacturing Engineer
  • Software Engineer
  • Machine Learning Engineer
  • Network Engineer
  • Multimedia Programmer

FAQ Related to ‘How to Become Electronics Engineer’?

  • Is Electronics Engineering a Good Career?

Yes, with high-demand and stable employment opportunities with a lucrative annual average income of $81,360, electronic engineering is among the top employment sectors. 

  • Is Electronics Engineering Tough?

Electronics engineering is among the toughest degree programs, the technical aspect of the course demands high attention to detail and impeccable concentration. If you cannot dedicate a few extra hours to studying the course might get even tougher.

  • Which country is best for Electronic Engineering?

If you are seeking a globally recognized degree program in electronics engineering, the USA, Canada, UK, Australia, France, and Germany are the best options. However, choosing a program with affordable expenses in a country with ample employment opportunities would be a wise decision. 

  • What skills do Electronic Engineers need?

Complex problem-solving skills, critical thinking, passion & dedication for the field, maths skills, time management, IT skills, and knowledge of other engineering disciplines are the key skills to being a successful electronic engineer. 

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