How to Become a Meteorologist?

How to Become a Meteorologist?

How to Become a Meteorologist?
Ashma Shrestha

Meteorologists analyze and predict weather patterns and atmospheric conditions to supply precise and timely information. To embark on a career as a Meteorologist, individuals must complete their secondary education, typically clearing class 12 from a recognized educational board, and then pursue a bachelor's degree in meteorology or a closely related field.

The earnings of a meteorologist can fluctuate based on their job title and years of experience. In India, a Meteorologist's average annual income is INR 6.8 Lakh annually. Monthly salaries range from INR 52,123 to INR 53,352, with the highest reported income reaching INR 10 Lakh annually.

Individuals aspiring to carve a path as Meteorologists can explore various meteorological educational routes. Some prominent courses include BSc, BTech, MSc, and MTech programs in meteorology and related disciplines. Additionally, candidates can opt for diploma courses to acquire expertise in meteorology.

What is a Meteorologist?

A meteorologist is a trained and skilled professional specializing in the scientific study of the Earth's atmosphere, weather patterns, and climate. These experts analyze various aspects of the atmosphere, including temperature, humidity, air pressure, wind, and cloud formations, to predict and understand weather conditions. Meteorologists use a combination of scientific instruments, computer models, and observational data to make accurate weather forecasts, monitor severe weather events, and provide valuable information for a wide range of applications.

Meteorologists work in various sectors, including government agencies, research institutions, television and radio broadcasting, aviation, agriculture, environmental consulting, and more. Their work is essential for public safety, disaster preparedness, agriculture, transportation, and many other industries that rely on weather and climate information.

Roles and responsibilities of a Meteorologists 

Meteorologists are crucial in studying and forecasting weather patterns and atmospheric conditions. Here are eight key roles and responsibilities of meteorologists:

  1. Weather Forecasting: They analyze data from various sources, including weather instruments, satellite imagery, and computer models, to predict upcoming weather conditions, such as temperature, precipitation, wind, and severe weather events.
  2. Severe Weather Monitoring: Meteorologists monitor extreme weather events such as hurricanes, tornadoes, thunderstorms, and blizzards. They issue warnings and advisories to the public and government agencies to help mitigate the impact of these events on lives and property.
  3. Climate Analysis: Meteorologists research and analyze long-term climate data to understand climate trends, variability, and the impact of climate change. 
  4. Data Collection and Analysis: Meteorologists collect data from various weather instruments, balloons, radar systems, and satellites. They use sophisticated software and statistical techniques to analyze this data and make accurate predictions.
  5. Public Communication: Meteorologists communicate weather information through various media channels, including television, radio, websites, and social media. 
  6. Aviation Weather: Meteorologists play a critical role in aviation by providing weather briefings to pilots and air traffic controllers. They ensure safe flight operations by advising on weather conditions at airports and along flight routes.
  7. Environmental Impact Assessment: Meteorologists assess the ecological impact of weather and climate-related events, such as wildfires, droughts, and floods. They contribute to environmental monitoring and decision-making processes.
  8. Research and Development: Many meteorologists engage in scientific research to advance our understanding of the atmosphere and improve forecasting techniques. They work on atmospheric chemistry, cloud physics, and climate modeling projects.

Requirements for Becoming a Meteorologist

The minimum qualification needed to pursue a career as a Meteorologist in India is a bachelor's degree in meteorology or a closely related field. The eligibility criteria for various meteorology courses are as follows:

  • For diploma programs in meteorology, candidates must have a minimum of a class 10 qualification.
  • To enroll in a bachelor's degree program in meteorology, candidates should have completed their class 12 education.
  • Individuals aspiring to pursue a master's degree in meteorology must possess a bachelor's degree in a related discipline.
  • Following the completion of a master's degree, candidates have the option to further their education by pursuing a PhD or MPhil.

Qualifications for Becoming a Meteorologist

The educational qualifications necessary to embark on a career as a Meteorologist are outlined as follows:

  • Candidates must have cleared class 12 from a recognized board focusing on the science stream.
  • Aspiring meteorologists should pursue a bachelor's degree in meteorology or a closely related field such as atmospheric or environmental science.
  • Those seeking admission to prestigious institutions must meet specific entrance examination requirements.
  • Pursuing a Master's degree in meteorology can enhance one's prospects for advanced positions and research opportunities.
  • Individuals seeking higher education and specialization can opt for Ph.D. or MPhil degrees in meteorology or related fields.


BSc Meteorology

BTech Atmospheric Sciences

MSc Meteorology


Class 12

Class 12

Bachelor’s degree in related discipline

Entrance Exams




Top Colleges

Shivaji University, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Hindi Vishwavidyalaya

IIT Delhi, Cochin University of Science and Technology

Atal Bihari Vajpayee Hindi Vishwavidyalaya, AU, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Shivaji University

Course Fees


INR 1 - 4 L

INR 5,000 - 24 L

Average Salary (INR)


INR 3 - 8 LPA

INR 2 - 18 LPA

Top Recruiters

ISRO, DRDO, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, IMD

IMD, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, National Aerospace Laboratory, INCOIS Hyderabad, CDAC, TCS, TERI, Siemens, Intel

ISRO, DRDO, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, IMD

Career as a Meteorologist

A career as a meteorologist in India offers diverse opportunities. Meteorologists play a vital role in weather forecasting, climate analysis, and environmental impact assessment. Entry-level meteorologists can earn salaries ranging from INR 3.5 to 6 lakhs per annum, with potential for growth as experience accumulates. 

With a bachelor's degree in meteorology or a related field, you can work in government agencies like the India Meteorological Department or private weather forecasting companies. Pursuing a master's or PhD can lead to more advanced positions and research opportunities. 

Meteorologists contribute significantly to public safety, agriculture, aviation, and climate research, making their work both rewarding and impactful.

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What is meteorology, and what do meteorologists do?

Meteorology is the scientific study of the Earth's atmosphere, weather patterns, and climate. Meteorologists analyze atmospheric conditions to predict and understand weather phenomena, including temperature, precipitation, wind, and severe weather events.

What qualifications are required to become a meteorologist in India?

To become a meteorologist in India, you typically need at least a bachelor's degree in meteorology or a related field. A master's or Ph.D. may be required for certain specialized positions or research and teaching roles.

Are there specific entrance exams for meteorology courses in India?

Some institutions may require candidates to clear entrance exams to gain admission to meteorology programs. The exact requirements vary, so you should check with the institutions you're interested in.

What are the career prospects and salaries for meteorologists in India?

Career prospects for meteorologists include roles in government agencies, research institutions, private weather companies, media, aviation, agriculture, and more. Entry-level salaries for meteorologists in India typically range from INR 3.5 to 6 lakhs per annum, with the potential for higher earnings as experience increases.

Do I need to pursue a master's or PhD in meteorology for career advancement?

While a bachelor's degree is the minimum requirement, obtaining a master's or Ph.D. can open up advanced positions, research opportunities, and academic roles in meteorology.

Can I specialize in a specific area within meteorology, such as climate science or severe weather forecasting?

Yes, meteorology offers various specializations, including climate science, severe weather forecasting, atmospheric science, and environmental meteorology.

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