Mathematics, often called the "Queen of Sciences," has been integral to human knowledge for centuries. Its beauty lies in its precision, logic, and ability to unravel the mysteries of the universe. For those passionate about numbers and problemsolving, pursuing a career as a mathematician can be an intellectually rewarding journey.
If you're intrigued by delving deep into numbers, equations, and mathematical theories, this guide is for you.
This blog will explore the steps and considerations of becoming a mathematician.
Whether you're a student with a budding interest in mathematics or someone looking to transition into this captivating field, we will provide you with insights and guidance to embark on your journey toward becoming a mathematician. So, let's begin your mathematical adventure!!
What is a Mathematician?
A Mathematician is an individual who engages in an indepth study of mathematics and utilizes mathematical principles to address challenges across various fields such as science, technology, social sciences, business, industry, and commerce. In simpler terms, a Mathematician is an expert in Mathematics.
Role & Responsibilities of a Mathematician:
Once you've understood a Mathematician, you must delve into their roles and obligations. If you aspire to become a Mathematician, you will be expected to perform the following tasks:
 Apply principles of geometry and calculus to create designs in fields like architecture, computer graphics, and robotics.
 Construct and enhance Mathematical Models for data analysis.
 Utilize your expertise in computer modeling.
 Innovate new mathematical rules, theories, and concepts, particularly in algebra and geometry.
 Create surveys, experiments, or opinion polls to gather data.
 Employ data analysis techniques to support and enhance decisionmaking processes within businesses.
Process to become a Mathematician
Subject Selection:
The ideal subject combination for this field is PCM (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics) and Computer programming.
Consider these subjects for prospects in mathematics:
 Engineering
 Computer science
 Physics or theoretical physics
 Economics
 Specialized mathematics degrees (e.g., statistics, financial mathematics, or actuarial science)
 Accounting or finance
Obtain a Bachelor's Degree in Mathematics:
 After completing the 12th grade with Mathematics as a subject, pursue a Bachelor’s degree in Mathematics.
 Any recognized university can offer a bachelor’s degree in this field.
Pursue a Master's Degree in Mathematics:
 Upon obtaining your Bachelor's degree, consider pursuing a Master’s in Mathematics.
 During this phase, you must decide between Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Mathematics.
Attain a Doctoral Degree in Mathematics:
 This is the final step in becoming a mathematician and often involves earning a Ph.D. in Mathematics.
 A doctoral degree is typically required to master the intricacies of mathematics and fully assume the role of a Mathematician.
Seek Internships:
 While pursuing your undergraduate or graduate studies, apply for internships to gain valuable work experience.
 Many educational institutions and colleges offer internship programs to facilitate this process.
 Internship opportunities include work with biomedical companies, pharmaceutical corporations, government agencies, and private enterprises.
Also, See Career after BSc Maths
Mathematics Courses:
Associate's Degrees:
 Duration: 2 years
 Eligibility: High School Diploma or GED
 Combines general education with math courses
 Leads to an Associate of Arts or Associate of Science degree upon completion
Bachelor's Degrees (BSc):
 Fees vary from INR 20,000 to INR 2,00,000 depending on the college
 Admission through Merit and Entrance exams (e.g., JET, NPAT, CUCET)
 Offered as Fulltime, Parttime, and Distance learning programs
 Commonly pursued BSc types
 Top recruiters include the Pharmaceutical Industry, Technical Industry, and Research Labs
 The average salary ranges from INR 35 lakhs per annum.
 After BSc, students can either enter the job sector or pursue a Master's degree
Master's Degrees (MSc):
Duration: 2 years
 Offers indepth theoretical and practical knowledge in various scientific fields
 Skills required: problemsolving, analytical, and research skills
 The syllabus varies by specialization
 Average fees range from INR 6,460 to INR 1.10 Lakhs
 Available in regular and distance education formats
 Mandatory for Ph.D. aspirants
Ph.D. in Mathematics:
 Doctoratelevel degree with specializations across multiple fields
 Opportunities for Ph.D. jobs after completion
 Some institutions offer stipends to deserving candidates
 Average starting salary ranges from INR 6,00,000 to INR 9,00,000
 PhD in distance education mode has been revoked since 2017, available only in fulltime or parttime formats
 IGNOU offers PhD programs with an annual fee of INR 7,000, with a maximum duration of 5 years
 Various specializations are available, including Pure Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Computational Mathematics, Algebra and Number Theory, Topology and Foundations, Geometric Analysis, Analysis, Probability and Statistics.
Career Outlook of a Mathematician
A career as a Mathematician in India holds promising prospects due to the increasing demand for problemsolving and data analysis skills. Mathematicians find opportunities in diverse sectors, including finance, technology, and research. Job profiles include data analysts, academicians, actuaries, and statistical analysts.
Salaries vary based on experience and specialization, with entrylevel salaries around INR 36 lakhs per annum, midlevel salaries between INR 612 lakhs, and experienced Mathematicians earning INR 15 lakhs or more, with additional benefits in academia and research.

FAQs
What qualifications are required to become a mathematician in India?
To become a mathematician, you typically need a Bachelor's degree in Mathematics, followed by a Master's. Many mathematicians pursue a Ph.D. for advanced research opportunities.
Can I become a mathematician without a Ph.D.?
While a Ph.D. is often required for research and academia, some entrylevel jobs in data analysis or teaching may accept candidates with a Master's in Mathematics.
How long does it take to become a mathematician in India?
The duration can vary. A Bachelor's degree takes three years, a Master's degree takes two years, and a Ph.D. can take around five years or more.
What are the critical skills needed to become a successful mathematician?
Essential skills include analytical thinking, problemsolving, logical reasoning, and a firm grasp of mathematical concepts. Communication and computer programming skills can also be valuable.
What are the career prospects for mathematicians in India?
Mathematicians can find opportunities in various sectors, including academia, research, data analysis, finance, technology, and government organizations.
Can I specialize in a particular branch of mathematics, like pure or applied mathematics?
Yes, you can choose a specialization in mathematics, such as pure mathematics, applied mathematics, computational mathematics, or specific fields like algebra, statistics, or geometry.
Are there scholarships or financial aid available for mathematics students?
Many universities and institutions offer scholarships and grants for mathematics students based on academic merit or financial need. Research funding and fellowships are also available for Ph.D. candidates.
What entrance exams are required for pursuing a career in mathematics in India?
Entrance exams like JAM (Joint Admission Test for MSc), NET (National Eligibility Test), and GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) are common for mathematicsrelated courses.