How to Become a Lawyer ?

How to Become a Lawyer ?

How to Become a Lawyer ?
Rojina Raut

Securing the opportunity to practice law within India's highest governing body, the Indian Judiciary, is a source of immense pride and satisfaction. With a lawyer population exceeding 2 million, the legal landscape in India spans diverse disciplines like Civil Law, Criminal Law, Taxation Law, Human Rights, Labour Law, and Cyber Law. As licensed and trained professionals, lawyers are entrusted with drafting, managing, and advocating legal cases.

Becoming a lawyer in India is a journey that requires dedication, education, and a solid commitment to justice. Lawyers play a pivotal role in upholding the legal system, advocating for clients, and ensuring the proper functioning of society. This article offers a comprehensive guide on how to embark on the path of becoming a lawyer in India.

What is a Lawyer?

A lawyer is a trained and licensed legal professional who provides legal advice, represents clients in legal matters, and advocates for their rights and interests. Lawyers play a crucial role in the legal system, offering guidance on legal issues, drafting legal documents, negotiating settlements, and representing clients in various legal proceedings, such as court hearings and trials.

Lawyers can specialize in different areas of law, such as civil law, criminal law, corporate law, family law, environmental law, intellectual property law, and more. They know the legal framework, statutes, regulations, and case laws relevant to their chosen field of specialization.

Also, See How to Become a Trial Lawyer.

Roles and Responsibilities of a lawyer

The roles and responsibilities of a lawyer encompass a wide range of legal activities and duties, depending on their specialization and the nature of the legal matters they handle. Here are some key roles and responsibilities of a lawyer:

Legal Counseling:

Providing clients with informed legal advice based on their specific situations.

Case Analysis and Strategy:

Research and Preparation:

Conducting extensive legal research to gather relevant statutes, regulations, case laws, and precedents.


Representing clients in various legal proceedings, such as court hearings, trials, arbitrations, and mediations.

Negotiation and Mediation:

Engaging in negotiations and mediation to reach settlements or agreements between parties without going to court.

Document Review and Drafting:

Reviewing legal documents to ensure accuracy, legality, and compliance with applicable laws.

Client Representation:

Actively representing clients' best interests and protecting their rights throughout legal proceedings.

Eligibility Criteria:

To become a lawyer in India, candidates must meet specific eligibility criteria. These criteria often include:

Educational Qualifications: 

Candidates must complete a Bachelor's degree in Law (LL.B) from a recognized university. Many universities offer integrated programs combining undergraduate and LL.B studies.

Minimum Aggregate Score: Typically, candidates must achieve a minimum aggregate score of 55% or higher in their LL.B studies to be eligible for admission to the Bar Council.

Class 12th Board Exams: 

Clearing the class 12th board exams with a minimum of 60% aggregate marks or an equivalent CGPA from a recognized board is often a prerequisite.

Steps to Become a Lawyer:

Preliminary Education:

Candidates must complete their higher secondary education (class 12) focusing on core subjects such as English, History, Political Science, and Economics.

Undergraduate Law Degree:

Enroll in a recognized university offering an LL.B program. The LL.B course typically spans three years for graduates and five years for students after completing their 12th standard.

Clearing Law Entrance Exams:

Candidates must clear various law entrance exams to secure admission to prestigious law colleges. Common Law Admission Test (CLAT), Law School Admission Test (LSAT), and All India Law Entrance Test (AILET) are popular exams.

Choosing a Specialization:

During your LL.B studies, explore different legal disciplines to identify your interest. Specializing in a specific field can provide expertise and unique career opportunities.

Pursuing Internships:

Participate in internships with law firms, legal organizations, or under-practicing lawyers. Internships offer practical exposure to legal proceedings and the opportunity to learn from experienced professionals.

Bar Council Examination:

After completing LL.B, candidates must clear the All India Bar Examination (AIBE) conducted by the Bar Council of India (BCI) to be eligible for practice.

Training Course for a Lawyer

Let us talk about some degrees to become a successful Lawyer.





Diploma in Litigation and Dispute Resolution

Diploma in Criminal Litigation

Diploma in Civil Litigation

Diploma in International Litigation and Arbitration


Bachelor of Public Administration with Law

Bachelor of International Law

Bachelor of Comparative Law

Bachelor of Applied Law

Bachelor of Legal Practice

Bachelor of Legal Systems

Bachelor of Legal Management


Master of Laws (LLM) 

Master of Jurisprudence (MJur) 

Master of Legal Studies (MLS) 

Master of Legal Science (MLSc) 

Master of Legal Arts (MLArts) 

Master of Civil Law (MCL)

Master of Criminal Justice (MCJ) 


Doctor of Juridical Science (SJD) 

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) 

Doctor of Legal Studies (DLS) 

Doctor of Legal Science (DLSc)

Doctor of Legal Arts (DLArts) 

Doctor of Civil Law (DCL)

Career Opportunities:

Upon becoming a lawyer, various career paths open up, including:

  • Litigation: Practicing as an advocate and representing clients in courts.
  • Corporate Law: Working as in-house counsel for corporations.
  • Law Firms: Joining law firms to provide legal services across different domains.
  • Judiciary: Pursuing a career as a judge in the Indian Judiciary.
  • Legal Consultancy: Providing legal advice and consultation to clients.
  • Academia: Teaching law in universities and colleges.

Check, Best College to study Law in India

Advantages and Disadvantages of Becoming a Lawyer


  1. Intellectual Stimulation: Lawyers are constantly engaged in complex problem-solving and critical thinking. Analyzing cases, interpreting laws, and crafting legal strategies provide continuous intellectual stimulation.
  2. High Earning Potential: Established lawyers, especially those in specialized fields, can enjoy lucrative earning potential. Successful legal professionals often command competitive salaries.
  3. Diverse Specializations: The legal field offers various areas of specialization, enabling lawyers to focus on their interests and passions, whether criminal law, corporate law, family law, or environmental law.
  4. Impactful Work: Lawyers can significantly impact society by upholding justice, defending human rights, and advocating for clients' rights.
  5. Continuous Learning: The evolving nature of laws and regulations requires lawyers to stay informed about legal developments, ensuring a constant learning curve throughout their careers.


  1. Long and Demanding Hours: Lawyers often work long hours, especially during critical cases, which can lead to a poor work-life balance and burnout.
  2. Stressful Environment: Dealing with legal conflicts, high-stakes cases, and demanding clients can lead to substantial stress and emotional strain.
  3. Financial Investment: Pursuing a legal education can be expensive, involving tuition fees and potential student loans. Establishing a legal practice may also require financial investment.
  4. Ethical Dilemmas: Lawyers may face ethical dilemmas, such as defending clients whose actions they disagree with or maintaining client confidentiality in challenging situations.
  5. High Competition: The legal field is competitive, with many skilled professionals vying for limited positions. Securing clients and establishing a reputation can be challenging.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 

What does a lawyer do?

A lawyer provides legal advice, represents clients in court, drafts legal documents, and navigates the legal system to advocate for their clients' rights and interests.

What are the educational requirements to become a lawyer?

To become a lawyer in India, you must complete a 5-year integrated undergraduate course (BA LLB, BCom LLB, BSc LLB) from a recognized university, for postgraduate studies like LLM, a bachelor's degree in law is required.

Can I become a lawyer after 12th grade?

You can pursue a 5-year integrated undergraduate law course after completing 12th grade.

Do I need to clear any entrance exams to become a lawyer?

You need to clear national-level or university-level entrance exams like CLAT, AILET, LSAT, etc., to secure admission to law colleges.

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