How to Become a Journalist

How to Become a Journalist

How to Become a Journalist
Sahil Dahal

A journalist gathers news and information, writes about it, and disseminates it to the public via various media channels, including newspapers, magazines, television, and internet platforms. Journalists play a critical role in society by giving accurate general information promptly and assisting in holding people in positions of the authority responsible. They could discuss anything from politics to business to sports to entertainment. Journalists must have a strong sense of ethics and professionalism and be impartial, fair, and accurate in their reporting to execute their jobs well. Read the entire article below to learn more about this position.

What is a journalist?

A journalist is a person who writes about news and information for the public on websites, television, and in print publications. Journalists serve a crucial function in society by informing the public and keeping those in positions of authority responsible. They compile, create, and disseminate news articles on noteworthy individuals, events, and topics.

What are the roles and responsibilities of a journalist?

  • Assemble accurate and trustworthy information from various sources, including research, interviews, and written materials.
  • Employing appropriate language and style while creating and revising articles, news reports, and other content.
  • Journalists must adhere to strict deadlines and schedules in the fast-paced media world.
  • Interviews with various persons, including specialists, witnesses, and sources, are required.
  • They will likely cover live events, including press conferences, speeches, and athletic activities. Employ a range of media outlets, including print, radio, television, and the internet, to connect with various audiences and convey people's experiences.
  • Use social media sites like Twitter and Facebook to communicate with readers and exchange information.
  • To preserve credibility and audience confidence, journalists must uphold ethical norms and values, including honesty, impartiality, and objectivity.
  • Understanding and observing pertinent legal regulations, such as defamation, privacy, and free speech laws.
  • Utilize critical thinking skills to examine, interpret, and assess the information's veracity.
  • You may need to work in teams with other journalists, photographers, and editors to create high-quality material.

How to Become a journalist? Qualifications

Research and investigation skill

Journalists must be able to compile information from various sources, such as interviews, papers, and web sources, and then confirm it.

Writing and editing skills

Journalists need to be able to craft tales that are suitable for the target audience that is clear, concise, and captivating. They also need extraordinary editing abilities to ensure that their articles are flawless and up to their company's or magazine's requirements.

Communication skill

Journalists must be proficient communicators with various individuals, including sources, coworkers, and readers, who listen intently, ask insightful questions and communicate succinctly.


Journalists need to have the flexibility to operate under pressure and in surroundings with a high rate of change.

Ethical standards skill

To preserve credibility and audience confidence, journalists must uphold ethical norms and values, including honesty, impartiality, and objectivity.

Multimedia skills

Today, many journalists operate in print, television, radio, and the internet, among other media. They need to be adept at using a variety of technologies and applications.

Other Skills

  • Social media skills 
  • Multimedia skills 
  • Ethical standards skills
  • Cultural sensitivity skills
  • Critical thinking skills
  • Time management skills
  • Attention to detail skills

Steps to Becoming a Successful Journalist

Academic Requirements

  • Hold a 10+2 or bachelor's or higher degree in journalism or a similar subject, such as English or communications.
  • Good writing and editing abilities to generate articles and news stories that are clear, concise, and intriguing.
  • A deep understanding of media law includes freedom of expression, defamation, and privacy legislation.
  • Be familiar with various media outlets, including print, television, radio, and the internet.
  • Competent in utilizing computer programs, including word processors, spreadsheets, and graphic design tools.
  • Possess practical communication abilities, including listening intently, posing thoughtful questions, and succinctly conveying information.
  • A strong sense of ethics, professionalism, and dedication to impartiality, fairness, and accuracy.
  • Capable of completing tasks quickly and under pressure.

Acquire more knowledge after high school

To work in journalism, one must get a bachelor's degree in either journalism or communications. You can specialize in print or broadcast journalism while earning your degree. Editing, journalistic ethics, reporting, feature writing, photography, and communications are all required courses for journalism majors. Professional internships with media organizations, undertaken over the summer or during the semester, are also advantageous for undergraduate students. For individuals seeking work at higher levels and wishing to become supervisors, a master's degree is a good option—a journalism doctorate. More in-depth research is covered in this program of study, and most of the eight years are spent on research, writing, and the dissertation.

Experience (work and related fields)

The minimum years of experience needed to become a journalist are unspecified. While some journalists may only have a few years of professional experience, others may have decades. The level of expertise needed may vary depending on the particular position or the sort of journalism you want to pursue. Internships, part-time employment, freelancing, or even volunteer writing for a local newspaper are examples. It's crucial for journalists to continuously learn about current events, keep current on those events, and be able to adjust to new platforms and technology that are utilized to present the news.

Training (job or related fields)

Depending on the position or form of journalism a journalist is interested in, the training that is necessary for them may change. Formal schooling, internships, on-the-job training, and professional growth may be part of a journalist's training. It's critical for journalists to keep informed about current affairs and to be aware of emerging media platforms and technology. Journalists continue to learn and expand their talents throughout their careers by participating in workshops, conferences, and other professional development opportunities.


There are many different career routes available in the broad area of journalism. Overall, a job in journalism can be both fulfilling and challenging since it requires knowledge of current affairs, writing, and editing abilities, as well as the ability to learn new technology and venues for news delivery.

Employment areas

  • Nonprofit organizations
  • Freelance Corporations 
  • Government agencies 
  • Advertising agencies
  • Public relations firms
  • Online news outlets 
  • News organizations

Job titles

  • News reporter 
  • Correspondent 
  • Editor 
  • Columnist 
  • Photographer
  • Technical writer
  • Public relations specialist
  • Broadcast news analyst

Salary of a Journalist

Let us see the average annual salary of a Journalist in some popular countries.


Annual Average Salary of a  Journalist


$144,443 (AUD)/yr


$ 3.517.749 (ARS)/yr


85.130 € (EUR)/yr


R$153.097 (BRL)/yr


$117,943 (CAD)/yr


¥322,000 (CNY)/yr

Costa Rica

₡21 349 114 (CRC)/yr


736.560 kr. (DKK)/yr


231,966 ج.م.‏ (EGP)/yr


78 031 € (EUR)/yr


75 423 € (EUR)/yr


86.227 € (EUR)/yr

Hong Kong SAR

HK$685,664 (HKD)/yr


₹14,72,259 (INR)/yr


65.981 € (EUR)/yr


¥9,548,429 (JPY)/yr


RM136,201 (MYR)/yr


$498,250 (MXN)/yr


€ 83.324 (EUR)/yr

New Zealand

$130,507 (NZD)/yr


154 615 zł (PLN)/yr


48 631 € (EUR)/yr

Russian Federation

1 565 967 ₽ (RUB)/yr


CHF 126'950 (CHF)/yr


61.768 € (EUR)/yr


฿934,587 (THB)/yr


£63,091 (GBP)/yr


590 344 ₴ (UAH)/yr

United Arab Emirates

324,062 د.إ.‏ (AED)/yr

United States

$110,709 (USD)/yr


568.236.871 ₫ (VND)/yr

Training Course for a Journalist

Let us talk about some degree to become a successful Journalist.




Diploma in Journalism

Diploma in Public Relations

Diploma in Digital Marketing

Diploma in Technical Writing

Diploma in Editing

Diploma in Data Journalism


Bachelor of Arts in Journalism

Bachelor of Science in Communications

Bachelor of Arts in Public Relations

Bachelor of Arts in Advertising

Bachelor of Arts in English

Bachelor of Science in Technical Communication

Bachelor of Arts in Photography

Bachelor of Arts in Editing

Bachelor of Science in Computer Science

Bachelor of Arts in Political Science


Master of Science in Technical Communication

Master of Arts in Political Science

Master of Arts in Editing

Master of Fine Arts in Photography

Master of Science in Business Analytics

Master of Science in Computer Science

Master of Science in Data Science

Master of Business Administration


PhD in Journalism

PhD in Communications

PhD in Public Relations

PhD in Business Administration

PhD in Data Science

PhD in Computer Science

PhD in Business Analytics

PhD in Editing

Pros and Cons of Becoming a Journalist

Many things, including the potential to learn and develop, a sense of purpose, flexibility, networking opportunities, exposure to new ideas, the possibility to make a difference, and personal fulfilment, may be found in a career in journalism. Overall, a journalistic job can have both benefits and drawbacks. Before joining the industry, prospective journalists must weigh these aspects carefully. The pros and Cons of Becoming a journalist are listed below.

Advantages of becoming a journalist

  • A sense of purpose in work 
  • Opportunities to learn and grow a wide range of topics 
  • Work in a variety of settings and locations
  • Meet and work with a wide range of people
  • Exposed to a wide range of ideas and perspectives
  • Communicate important information to the public.
  • Well-paying, especially for those who have advanced skills and experience.
  • Table and offer good job security

Disadvantages of becoming a Journalist

  • May face tight deadlines,
  • Difficult to find a job
  • Face tight deadlines and long hours of work
  • Pay low salaries, especially for entry-level positions
  • I need help finding stable employment.
  • Face ethical dilemmas when reporting on sensitive or controversial topics.
  • Limited job opportunities in journalism
  • Have unpredictable schedules
  • Work at any time of day or night.

How to Become a Journalist? FAQs

Is a journalism degree necessary to become a journalist?

Although a journalism degree is not required to work as a journalist, it can help develop the skills and knowledge needed. Journalism colleges frequently offer writing, reporting, research, and media law courses for prospective journalists.

How do I get started in journalism?

Consider getting a bachelor's degree in journalism or a similar discipline, working an internship or part-time job to acquire experience, and developing a solid portfolio of your work if you want to enter the media industry. Consider joining a professional group that can help you network and advance your career, like the Society of Professional Journalists.

Is journalism a tough job?

A career in journalism is different from simpler ones. Instead, it is a complex field that demands work and long hours. Despite this, it is a very respected and fulfilling profession.

Is journalism a stressful job?

The strain on journalists is excellent. We put in lengthy, perhaps erratic, hours. We address material that can be mentally taxing and difficult to leave at the office.

Is journalism a promising career?

Yes, a career in journalism may be highly financially and professionally rewarding. After completing a journalism education, a student may expect an annual income of around $2 lac.

Is journalism an easy job?

Finding the right story and being committed to your work are essential for success as a journalist. In this sense, it may be a physically, psychologically, and occasionally emotionally taxing vocation. As a professional, you'll always need to be flexible and inventive.

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