How to Become a Gynecologist?

How to Become a Gynecologist?

How to Become a Gynecologist?
Indira Kunwar

Gynaecologists are essential healthcare professionals responsible for the well-being and treatment of women. Gynaecologists must undergo comprehensive education and training to embark on this profession. 

For those intrigued by a fulfilling journey in women's health, several prerequisites must be met to become a gynaecologist. 

In this piece, we explore the roles of gynaecologists and the path to becoming one, addressing common inquiries about pursuing this career trajectory.

What is a Gynecologist?

A gynaecologist is an individual who completes their five-year MBBS degree and additional M.D. and M.S. degrees, focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of ailments affecting the female body. Treatment procedures encompass both surgical and medical interventions. Students are required to specialise in three distinct disciplines:

  • Gynaecology: Concentrating on women's reproductive health.
  • Obstetrics: Addressing childbirth and the entire pregnancy process.
  • Reproductive Medicine: A field dedicated to issues of fertility and reproductive health.

A Gynecologist excels not only in theoretical knowledge but also in performing surgical procedures. A gynaecologist is a specialised medical and surgical professional dedicated to women's health. Irrespective of the healthcare institution they are associated with, the demand for gynaecologists remains consistently high. 

This vocation holds a profound sense of nobility as it involves educating and advising women during their pregnancies. Moreover, gynaecology offers promising financial prospects, with an initial average salary ranging from INR 5-6 Lakhs, which can ascend to INR 25 to 30 lakhs per annum.

Also, See Top Medical Colleges in India

What is the role and responsibilities of a Gynecologist?

Here are the roles and responsibilities of a gynecologist:

Routine Examinations and Screenings:

  • Conduct regular check-ups to monitor reproductive health.
  • Perform screenings like Pap smears and mammograms to detect potential issues.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

  • Diagnose and treat gynaecological conditions such as endometriosis, PCOS, and infections.
  • Provide medical solutions for menstrual irregularities and related discomforts.

Pregnancy and Childbirth:

  • Offer prenatal care to expecting mothers throughout pregnancy.
  • Monitor fetal development and maternal health during pregnancy.
  • Assist in childbirth, ensuring safe deliveries for both mother and baby.

Family Planning and Contraception:

  • Counsel individuals and couples on contraception methods.
  • Help families plan pregnancies based on their preferences and health considerations.

Reproductive Health Education:

  • Educate women about their reproductive systems, menstrual cycles, and fertility.
  • Provide information about sexual health, safe practices, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections.

Surgical Procedures:

  • When necessary, perform surgical interventions, such as hysterectomies, laparoscopic surgeries, and Cesarean sections.
  • Address conditions like fibroids, ovarian cysts, and pelvic organ prolapse through surgery.
  • Offer guidance and treatments for infertility issues.
  • When needed, perform assisted reproductive techniques such as in vitro fertilisation (IVF).

Qualification required to become a Gynecologist

Complete 10+2 (Higher Secondary Education):

  • Obtain a high school certificate with a science background, including subjects like Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS):

  • Pursuing a recognised MBBS degree from a medical college typically takes five and a half years.
  • Clear the All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) or the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) to gain admission to medical colleges.


  • After MBBS, complete a one-year compulsory rotating internship in a hospital setting.

Postgraduate Degree (MD/MS/DNB):

  • Choose a specialisation in Obstetrics and Gynecology for further studies.
  • Pursue a postgraduate degree such as Doctor of Medicine (MD), Master of Surgery (MS), or Diplomate of National Board (DNB) in Obstetrics and Gynecology.
  • This program generally takes three years and involves theoretical learning, practical training, and clinical exposure.

Residency Training:

  • Engage in residency training as part of the MD/MS/DNB program, gaining hands-on experience in gynaecological procedures, surgeries, and patient care.

Licensing and Registration:

  • Obtain the necessary medical licenses and register with the Medical Council of India (MCI) or the respective State Medical Council.

Optional Fellowship/Specialization:

  • Consider pursuing fellowship programs to specialise in reproductive medicine, gynecologic oncology, maternal-fetal medicine, or urogynecology.

Salary of Gynecologist

The salary of a gynaecologist in India can vary widely based on factors such as experience, location, type of healthcare facility, skill level, and additional qualifications. Here's a general overview of gynaecologist salaries in India:

Entry-Level (0-2 years of experience):

  • The starting salary for entry-level gynaecologists in India can range from around ₹5 to ₹10 lakhs per annum.

Mid-Level (2-5 years of experience):

Gynaecologists with a few years of experience can earn between ₹8 to ₹15 lakhs per year, depending on factors like location and specialisation.

Experienced (5-10 years of experience):

  • Experienced gynaecologists with 5 to 10 years of experience can expect salaries of ₹12 to ₹25 lakhs per year.

Senior-Level (10+ years of experience):

  • Senior gynaecologists with more than 10 years of experience and established reputations can earn salaries ranging from ₹20 to ₹50 lakhs or more annually.

Advantages and disadvantages of becoming a Gynecologist


  • Impactful Work: Gynecologists are crucial in women's reproductive health, helping them navigate various life stages from puberty to menopause and ensuring safe pregnancies and childbirths.
  • Diverse Specialization: Gynecology offers opportunities for specialisation in obstetrics, gynecologic oncology, reproductive medicine, and more, allowing you to focus on specific areas of interest.
  • Financial Reward: Gynecology is often a well-compensated field, with the potential for high earnings, especially with experience and specialisation.
  • Career Stability: The demand for gynaecologists remains consistently high due to the ongoing need for women's healthcare services.
  • Personal Fulfillment: Helping women maintain their health, overcome reproductive challenges, and deliver healthy babies can be personally rewarding.
  • Variety in Practice: Gynecologists engage in clinical work, surgeries, consultations, and patient education, providing a diverse work experience.
  • Continued Learning: Medicine is ever-evolving, requiring gynaecologists to stay updated with the latest advancements, ensuring continuous learning and professional growth.


  • Emotionally Demanding: Dealing with sensitive issues such as infertility, pregnancy loss, and gynaecological cancers can be emotionally taxing.
  • Long Hours: Gynecologists often work irregular hours, including being on call for emergencies, impacting work-life balance.
  • High Responsibility: The decisions gynaecologists make can have profound consequences on patients' lives, requiring high responsibility and accountability.
  • High Stress: Medical complexity, time pressure, and patient expectations can lead to high-stress situations.
  • Medical Malpractice Risk: Gynecologists, like all medical professionals, face the risk of medical malpractice lawsuits, which can be financially and emotionally draining.
  • Constant Learning: While continuous learning can be advantageous, staying updated with medical advancements requires time and effort.
  • Patient Communication Challenges: Discussing sensitive topics and delivering challenging news requires excellent communication skills and emotional intelligence.
  • Administrative Burden: In private practice, gynaecologists often need to manage administrative tasks, which can detract from patient care.

Career as a Gynecologist

A career as a gynaecologist offers a fulfilling journey in women's health. Gynaecologists specialise in diagnosing and treating various reproductive and gynaecological conditions, from menstrual disorders to pregnancy-related issues. 

They provide vital care during pregnancy, childbirth, and throughout various life stages, significantly impacting patients' lives. While the field demands a solid educational foundation, including a medical degree and specialised training, the rewards are substantial. Gynaecologists enjoy financial stability, diverse specialisation opportunities, and the satisfaction of positively influencing women's well-being. 

However, the role also involves emotional challenges, long hours, and high responsibility. Overall, a career as a gynaecologist promises a dynamic mix of clinical practice, surgical expertise, and patient education, making it a respected and vital profession in the healthcare landscape.

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FAQs  on Gynaecologist

How do I become a gynaecologist?

To become a gynaecologist, you must complete a medical degree (MBBS) and a postgraduate degree (MD/MS/DNB) in Obstetrics and Gynecology. After this, you'll undergo specialised training and gain clinical experience through a residency program.

What qualifications are required to become a gynaecologist?

You need to complete a Bachelor's degree (MBBS) and a postgraduate degree (MD/MS/DNB) in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Additionally, you must obtain medical licenses and register with the appropriate medical council.

How long does it take to become a gynaecologist?

Becoming a gynaecologist usually takes 8-10 years after high school. This includes the time for your MBBS degree, internship, postgraduate degree, and residency training.

Can I specialise in a specific area within gynaecology?

You can specialise in various subfields like gynecologic oncology, reproductive medicine, maternal-fetal medicine, and urogynecology. Fellowships and additional training can help you specialise further.

What are the essential skills of a gynaecologist?

Strong communication, empathy, attention to detail, surgical skills, and the ability to handle sensitive discussions are crucial for a gynaecologist.

What is the role of a gynaecologist in a woman's life?

A gynaecologist plays a vital role in women's health, addressing reproductive health, pregnancy care, family planning, gynaecological conditions, and more throughout various life stages.

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