How to become a Computer System Analyst

How to become a Computer System Analyst

How to become a Computer System Analyst
Santosh Dhamala

With so many organizations using computers, many technology-related jobs have promising futures. A computer systems analyst is one such technology-based career that is anticipated to grow. You may need a bachelor’s degree in a computer-related subject to pursue a career as a system analyst.

Computer systems analysts work for various businesses, including government agencies, nonprofits, and for-profit businesses. Some experts deal directly with businesses with big or complex networks and necessitate on-site full-time IT staff. Others work as self-employed consultants or for firms that provide consulting services on demand.

Keep reading the article for more information on becoming a computer systems analyst.

Who is a Computer System Analyst?

Computer systems analysts, also known as computer analysts or systems designers, research and design improvements to an organization's current computer systems and procedures. They leverage information technology and business knowledge to help their clients design better computer systems and processes. 

Although these professionals have many responsibilities, their first task is to learn about and understand their client's business. Analysts will then investigate the best technologies to assist the organization's overall computer system—the hardware, software, and networks—run more efficiently and effectively. They take on the role of a digital investigator. They document technology systems to comprehend, modify, improve, and rebuild them.

This might include finding the cause of a computer system failure using specialized software to track systems, applications, networks, and databases. They are crucial to a company's security, as well as its reputation and financial standing.

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What are the roles and responsibilities of a Computer System Analyst?

Systems analysts do various tasks, but their primary responsibility is ensuring that computer systems are as available and reliable as possible. Responsibilities and roles of system analysts are as follows:

  • Selecting, configuring, designing, and implementing new software and systems that will help support organizational goals
  • Collaborate with other departments to determine the role of IT systems to best support the organization.
  • Analyze and audit current systems to identify opportunities for improvement.
  • Find ways to enhance the functionality of current computer systems.
  • Perform routine maintenance of the software and hardware that comprise existing systems.
  • Oversee the installation and configuration of new systems
  • Create user manuals and train system, users.
  • Test systems to ensure they meet the expectation
  • Data mapping
  • Prepare cost-benefit analysis
  • Research emerging technologies

Qualities to be a Computer System Analyst

Analytical Skills

are the ability to gather and analyze information, solve problems, and make decisions. Analysts are expected to gather information from various sources, interpret it, and make recommendations for the next steps. They must also assess the impact of changes on the project.

Documentation Skills

The goal of documentation is to communicate ideas effectively through various media. Analysts must be able to document and follow standard operating procedures. Documentation must be done with clarity, concision, and precision.

Communication Skills

Analysis is only useful if your findings can be shared and implemented. You need to be a good and effective communicator to discuss your findings, conclusions, and recommendations. They act as a bridge between management and the IT department, so they must be able to explain complex issues in simple terms.


Analyzing information frequently necessitates a creative eye to discover trends in data that others may miss. When it comes to solving problems, creativity is also crucial. The best option isn't always the most obvious one. Strong analytical thinkers will look beyond the box to find workable solutions to challenging issues.

Critical Thinking

Critical thinking is examining information and then deciding based on your findings. An analyst can address difficulties for a firm by using critical thinking to guide their judgments. It may include business intelligence, case analysis, classifying, comparative analysis, correlation, decision-making, deductive reasoning, inductive reasoning, evaluating, data interpretation, judgment, prioritization, and troubleshooting.

Working collaboratively and individually

Working as a system analyst requires you to work in a team or independently. At times, you must be capable of working independently with minimal oversight. Also, you should have a collaborative attitude and work well as part of a team when needed.

Steps to Become a Successful Computer System Analyst

  • Learn basic computer skills during high school.
  • Pursue a bachelor's degree in a computer-related field or business from an accredited college or university.
  • Focus more on technology-related coursework
  • Pursue internships and apprenticeships to gain initial job experience.
  • Enroll in cybersecurity boot camps, coding boot camps, cybersecurity online courses, or other online IT courses
  • Become licensed and pursue professional certification
  • Build on-the-job experience through jobs that help hone your technical skills as an analyst and gain leadership experience.
  • Supplement your academic education by pursuing a master’s degree in system analysis, cyber security, software engineering, computer engineering or a related field. 
  • If you are interested in research works, you may pursue a doctorate in the field.

Degree Programs for Computer System Analyst

Bachelor’s degree program

Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Engineering

Bachelor of Science in Computer Science

Bachelor of Science in Computer Information Systems

Bachelor in Computer Systems Technology

Bachelor of Science in Systems Analysis and Design

Bachelor of Engineering in Computer Systems Engineering

Bachelor of Business Administration in Business Information Systems

Bachelor of Engineering in Software Engineering

Bachelor of Science in Data Science

Bachelor in Management Information Systems

Master’s degree program

Master of Science in Systems Engineering

Master of Engineering in System Engineering

Master of Science in Information Systems

Master of Science in Computational Engineering

MSc Data Science and Engineering

Master of Science in Management Information Systems

Master of Information Technology

Master of Business Administration – Operations, Information, and Decisions

Salary of a Computer System Analyst

The demand for system analysts is increasing with the increased use of technology in business and continued reliance on computer systems and cloud systems. More demand corresponds to an increase in salary. Here is a list of country-wise annual salaries for a computer systems analyst.


Average annual income of a Computer System Analyst



United Kingdom
















Advantages and Disadvantages of Becoming Computer System Analyst


  • Flexibility
  • Scalable work
  • High Hourly Pay Rates
  • Job security and a good working condition
  • Favorable job prospects
  • Positions available in a variety of industries
  • Opportunities for freelancing and business 


  • Freelancing work can be inconsistent
  • Stressful work environment
  • Huge learning curve
  • The job can be demanding
  • Easy target for criticism
  • Requires a high level of technical and industry-specific knowledge
  • Desk jobs are associated with a variety of health issues, including back problems, posture issues, etc.
  • Stressful errors
  • Requires a lot of independent work

Career as a Computer System Analyst

The career path for a systems analyst differs depending on aptitude, knowledge, and experience, but may start as a systems support analyst and progress up to a chief technology officer. With experience, systems analysts can rise to the post of project manager and lead a team of analysts.

Job growth for systems analysts is governed by many factors, such as increasing cybersecurity threats, cloud computing adoption, and technology adoption in healthcare and other industry sectors. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, there will be a 9% increase in computer systems analysts' job opportunities from 2018 to 2028.

Graduates with an associate's degree can find employment as web developers or computer support specialists. In contrast, those with a bachelor's degree can find work as actuaries, computer systems analysts, or network architects. Some employers prefer master's degrees for the post of information systems managers and research work. Computer systems analysts find employment in the following sectors:

  • Government bodies
  • Insurance
  • Computer system design 
  • Professional and commercial equipment
  • Company and enterprise management.
  • Schools-Colleges & Universities

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How to become a Computer System Analyst? FAQs

What are the types of computer system analysts?

There are three main types of computer systems analysts:

  • Systems Designers or Systems Architects: They choose specific software and hardware systems and provide plans to convert long-term corporate objectives into technical solutions. They collaborate with management to ensure that technological infrastructures and systems are configured to best support a company's objectives.
  • Software Quality Assurance (QA) Analysts- They conduct extensive testing and problem diagnosis to ensure those crucial system requirements are met. They also communicate with management by generating reports that offer methods to improve the systems.
  • Programmer Analysts: Compared to other categories of analysts, they do more coding and debugging. They design and maintain the software for their system as well as develop apps that are tailored to the requirements of their business. To do this, they closely collaborate with management and business analysts to identify the specific needs the applications are designed to meet.

What does a systems analyst's workplace look like?

Systems analysts find employment in a variety of sectors, including healthcare, business, and government organizations. They may be employed directly by a single company or a company offering computer consulting services.

What is the future of the systems analyst profession? 

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that from 2018 to 2028, there will be a 9% rise in job opportunities for computer systems analysts. The national average for all occupations is 5%.

Which sectors hold more promise for a future system analyst?

The demand for systems analysts is anticipated to rise in the fields of cloud computing and remote IT services that cater to the needs of small enterprises. Opportunities in the healthcare sector are also anticipated to grow.

What relevant technical skills should you learn for the job?

Future computer systems analysts should be proficient in several essential programming languages, including SQL, Java, and Oracle. The fact that many related occupations in professional environments require knowledge of popular common languages makes it a good idea for computer science students to broaden their studies in these areas.

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