How to Become a Civil Servant?

How to Become a Civil Servant?

How to Become a Civil Servant?
Rosmit Gyawali

A civil servant is a member of the government who works for the public sector and is tasked with enacting numerous administrative regulations and procedures to guarantee the efficient operation of governmental institutions. 

They must act in the public's best interests while remaining politically apolitical, maintaining the rule of law, and ensuring that government operations are accountable and transparent. 

The job of city employees is critical to maintaining an effective government since they play a significant role in putting policies into practice that impact citizens' daily lives. To learn more, see the full article below.

What is a Civil Servant?

An individual who works for the government is classified as a civil servant. They implement administrative procedures and rules to guarantee the efficient operation of governmental agencies. Politics-neutrality and public interest-serving behaviour are demanded of civil officials.

What are the roles and responsibilities of a Civil Servant?

  • Put government plans and programs into action to ensure they are carried out successfully.
  • Advising decision-makers and government representatives on issues about their field of expertise.
  • Ensuring that government actions adhere to applicable laws and regulations.
  • Keeping thorough records of governmental activities and delivering needed reports on schedule.
  • Prudent and open management of financial resources and budgets.
  • Ensuring government services' efficient and successful delivery to the general people.
  • Assisting and supporting residents in gaining access to government services and initiatives.
  • Upholding the ideals of impartiality, justice, and transparency in all aspects of government activity.
  • Ensuring that information regarding government actions and policies is timely and accurate for the public.
  • Encouraging responsibility and moral behaviour in all aspects of governance.

How to Become a Civil Servant? Qualifications

Administrative and Management Skills

Civil officials must possess outstanding administrative and managerial abilities to handle numerous government activities efficiently. These abilities include the capacity to organise, plan, and manage resources to accomplish organisational goals.

Analytical and Critical Thinking Skills

Civil officials need good analytical and critical thinking abilities to comprehend complicated topics, recognise challenges, and create efficient solutions. They must be able to analyse data, come to wise conclusions, and exercise crucial thought while considering and implementing policy ideas.

Communication Skills

City officials must have excellent communication skills, particularly the capacity to write and talk persuasively to numerous stakeholders. They must be able to communicate information precisely and effectively, explain public policies and initiatives, and interact with government representatives, stakeholders, and the public.

Technical Skills

Civil workers require technical expertise relevant to their line of work. For instance, a government employee in the health department must be technically knowledgeable about health policies, practices, and procedures. Compatibility with software and other technology instruments is another aspect of technical competence.

Leadership and Teamwork Skills

To accomplish shared objectives, city officials need to be able to work together with others. They must successfully manage teams, inspire workers, and create a productive work atmosphere. Moreover, they must be able to collaborate well with other government departments and interested parties.

Ethical and Professional Conduct Skills

Civil workers are expected to keep high moral and professional standards. They must follow rules of behaviour, take responsibility for their acts, and act in the public's best interest. Moreover, they must uphold confidentiality and stay clear of conflicts of interest.

Other Skills

  •         Interpersonal Skills
  •         Adaptability Skills
  •         Strategic Thinking Skills
  •         Cultural Awareness Skills
  •         Time Management Skills
  •         Problem-Solving Skills
  •         Customer Service Skills

Steps to Becoming a Successful Civil Servant

Academic Requirements

  • For the most part, civil workers must fulfil specific academic criteria to be eligible for employment.
  • These specifications may change based on position, organisation, or government level.
  • The minimum educational requirement for public officials is frequently a bachelor's degree, while some posts may call for a master's or doctoral degree.
  • A particular degree in public administration, law, economics, or a similar topic can be required.
  • Civil workers may also need a certain amount of ability in oral and written communication, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills.
  • For some jobs, additional certificates or licenses could be necessary to carry out specific duties or operate with particular demographics
  • For public workers to keep current on the most recent regulations, procedures, and best practices, academic requirements may include regular training and continuing education.
  • Civil officials must frequently meet academic criteria to ensure they have the information, skills, and talents required to serve the public successfully and morally.
  • Finally, the endeavour to maintain a professional and capable civil service that can accommodate the wide range of societal needs includes the academic qualifications for polite workers.

Acquire more knowledge after high school.

Education is vital to civil servants' growth since it gives them the information, talents, and skills they need to serve the public properly. Having at least a bachelor's degree is frequently a prerequisite for government employees, and specific posts even call for advanced degrees in particular subjects. Public servants may also get continuous training and professional development opportunities besides their official schooling. Education is essential for public officials' preparation and continued growth since it gives them the skills and professionalism needed to carry out their duties.

Experience (work and related fields)

Practical knowledge and abilities can only be acquired via work in their sector; experience is a crucial asset for government workers. For many posts in the civil service, you need to have a particular amount of experience, frequently in a related field. Seasoned civil officials may bring a wealth of experience and skills to help them tackle complex problems and make wise judgments. Also, continuing experience in a profession can aid public officials in gaining a thorough awareness of the issues and demands of the audience they serve, enabling them to improve their ability to satisfy those demands over time. Experience plays a crucial role in developing competent and successful government officials.

Training (job or related fields)

Training is vital to civil servants' continued growth since it equips them with the information, abilities, and resources they need to serve the public properly. Training in various topics, including policy formation, communication, leadership, and conflict resolution, is available to city officials. There are several ways that this training may be provided, including in-person instruction, on-the-job coaching, and mentoring. For government employees, ongoing training is especially crucial since it helps them to keep current on the most recent rules, regulations, and industry best practices. Governmental organisations may guarantee that their personnel have the skills and knowledge necessary to meet the public's changing expectations and deliver high-quality service by investing in their employees' training.


A civil service career is a long-term commitment to serving the public by creating, implementing, and upholding policies and programs that advance the welfare of people and communities.

Employment areas

  •         Government agencies
  •         Law enforcement
  •         Healthcare
  •         Education
  •         Social services
  •         Environmental protection
  •         Diplomacy and international relations
  •         Financial regulation

Job titles

  •         Administrative Officer
  •         Human Resources Specialist
  •         Budget Analyst
  •         Foreign Service Officer
  •         Program Manager
  •         Policy Analyst
  •         Environmental Scientist
  •         Investigator.

Salary of a Civil Servant

Let us see the average annual salary in some popular countries.


Annual Average Salary of a   Civil Servant


$62,711 (AUD)/yr


$ 1.591.724 (ARS)/yr


41.118 € (EUR)/yr


R$60.244 (BRL)/yr


$49,938 (CAD)/yr


¥115,444 (CNY)/yr

Costa Rica

₡8 199 921 (CRC)/yr


326.667 kr. (DKK)/yr


93,960 ج.م.‏ (EGP)/yr


36 653 € (EUR)/yr


32 941 € (EUR)/yr


39.302 € (EUR)/yr

Hong Kong SAR

HK$261,777 (HKD)/yr


₹5,03,740 (INR)/yr


30.091 € (EUR)/yr


¥3,911,433 (JPY)/yr


RM53,403 (MYR)/yr


$177,446 (MXN)/yr


€ 37.704 (EUR)/yr

New Zealand

$58,171 (NZD)/yr


67 147 zł (PLN)/yr


20 309 € (EUR)/yr

Russian Federation

678 204 ₽ (RUB)/yr


CHF 57'653 (CHF)/yr


25.972 € (EUR)/yr


฿348,669 (THB)/yr


£27,439 (GBP)/yr


182 899 ₴ (UAH)/yr

United Arab Emirates

120,184 د.إ.‏ (AED)/yr

United States

$45,465 (USD)/yr


221.986.547 ₫ (VND)/yr

Training Course for a Civil Servant.

Let us talk about some degree to becoming a successful Civil Servant.





Diploma in Public Administration

Diploma in Law Enforcement

Diploma in Social Work

Diploma in Health Administration

Diploma in Environmental Science

Diploma in International Relations




Bachelor of Education

Bachelor of Business Administration

Bachelor of Public Health

Bachelor of Public Administration

Bachelor of Political Science

Bachelor of Criminal Justice

Bachelor of Social Work

Bachelor of Health Administration

Bachelor of Environmental Science

Bachelor of International Relations


Master of Public Administration

Master of Public Policy

Master of Criminal Justice

Master of Social Work

Master of Health Administration

Master of Environmental Science

Master of International Relations

Master of Business Administration





PhD in Public Administration

PhD in Political Science

PhD in Criminal Justice

PhD in Social Work

PhD in Health Administration

PhD in Environmental Science

PhD in International Relations

PhD in Business Administration

Pros and Cons of Becoming a Civil Servant

A civil service career is a long-term commitment to serving the public by creating, implementing, and upholding policies and programs that advance the welfare of people and communities. Conversely, working for the government might come with certain disadvantages. Red tape and bureaucratic roadblocks can make it difficult for federal officials to complete tasks effectively. These are some Benefits and Drawbacks of Working for the Government.

Advantages of becoming a Civil Servant

  •         Job security
  •         Decent pay and perks
  •         Possibilities for career growth and development
  •         Opportunity to influence public policy and provide necessary services
  •         Favourable effects on society
  •         Pension schemes and other advantages for retirement
  •         Flexible working conditions
  •         Options for volunteering and community involvement
  •         Access to specialist training and resources.

Disadvantages of becoming a Civil Servant

  •         Administrative roadblocks and red tape
  •         Pressures from politics and frequent changes in power
  •         A difficult work-life balance
  •         Public scepticism and criticism
  •         Discretionary decision-making is limited
  •         Fewer chances for entrepreneurship
  •         fewer chances for individual development and innovation
  •         Sometimes a slow advancement of one's career
  •         In certain circumstances, there are few chances for a pay increase.

How to Become a   Civil Servant? FAQs

Can I become a civil servant if I have a criminal record?

It depends on the profession and organisation. Background checks may be necessary for some civil service posts, and individuals with specific criminal offences may not be employed.

Do I need to be a citizen to become a civil servant?

Most of the time, sure. Typically, candidates for civil service positions must be US citizens or lawful permanent residents. For some roles, there could be a few exceptions, though.

 How long does it take to become a civil servant?

Depending on the position and agency, different lengths of time are required to become a public servant. The application and selection processes often take many months, and the training phase can last anywhere from a few weeks to several months.

How do I apply for a civil service job?

 Most civil service positions are posted on government job boards, and applicants must apply along with additional materials, including a CV, cover letter, and academic transcripts.

What is the civil service exam?

A standardised examination, the civil service exam gauges applicants' ability and expertise in a range of topics, including math, logic, and writing abilities. Several government organisations utilise the test in their hiring procedure for civil service posts.

Do I need to pass a security clearance to become a civil servant?

Many civil service posts require a security clearance procedure to receive a security clearance level. The position and agency will determine the degree of clearance needed.

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