Career Options after Law in India - All You Need to Know

Career Options after Law in India - All You Need to Know

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Career Options after Law in India - All You Need to Know
Rojina RautSat Dec 24 2022

One of the most common job alternatives for people nowadays is the law. It has significantly grown and changed throughout time. After graduating, students who want to pursue a legal career can enrol in either a three- or five-year legal program. It was formerly thought that a person could only practice law in a courtroom, but as time has gone on, the alternatives have only grown. Read this article to learn more about post-law job prospects, top employers, income ranges, etc.

Why Study Law in India?

There are many reasons why someone might choose to study law in India:

  • Strong legal system: India has a strong legal system and a long tradition of legal education. The country is home to some of the top law schools in the world, and it offers a wide range of legal study options, including undergraduate, postgraduate, and professional programs.
  • Career opportunities: A law degree from an Indian university is highly respected and can open up many career opportunities in India and abroad. Graduates of law programs in India are highly sought after by law firms, government agencies, and other organisations.
  • Exposure to diverse legal systems: India has a diverse legal system influenced by British common law and Hindu law. Studying law in India offers the opportunity to learn about these different legal systems and gain exposure to various legal issues and practices.
  • Cultural experiences: India is a culturally rich and diverse country, and studying law in India offers the opportunity to learn about and experience Indian culture and traditions. The government is home to various languages, religions, and cultural practices, and studying law in India can be a rewarding experience.

Studying law in India offers the opportunity to learn about a strong and diverse legal system, pursue a wide range of career opportunities, and gain cultural experiences.

Degrees available to study Law in India

There are several degrees available to study law in India, including:

Bachelor of Laws (LLB): The Bachelor of Laws (LLB) is a three-year program typically undertaken after completing an undergraduate degree in a non-law subject. The LLB program includes coursework and practical training and is designed to prepare students for a career in the legal profession.

Bachelor of Arts in Law (BA LLB): The Bachelor of Arts in Law (BA LLB) is a five-year program that combines coursework in law with coursework in other disciplines, such as arts, humanities, or social sciences. The BA LLB program is designed to provide a broad education in law and other areas.

Master of Laws (LLM): The Master of Laws (LLM) is a postgraduate program typically undertaken after completing an undergraduate law degree. The LLM program is designed to provide advanced training in a specific area of law and generally is one or two years in duration.

Doctor of Philosophy in Law (PhD): The Doctor of Philosophy in Law (PhD) is a research-based program typically undertaken after completing an LLM degree. The PhD program involves conducting independent research and writing a dissertation and is typically three to five years in duration.

Several degrees are available to study law in India, including the LLB, BA LLB, LLM, and PhD. These degrees offer a range of options for students interested in pursuing a career in the legal profession or legal research.

Competitive exams for law programs

Several competitive exams are held in India to select students for law programs at various universities. These exams are typically held at the national level and are competitive, with many applicants vying for a limited number of seats. Here are a few examples of competitive exams for law programs in India:

  • Common Law Admission Test (CLAT): The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a national-level entrance exam for undergraduate and postgraduate law programs in India. CLAT is conducted by the National University of Advanced Legal Studies (NUALS) in Kochi, Kerala.
  • All India Law Entrance Test (AILET): The All India Law Entrance Test (AILET) is a national-level entrance exam for undergraduate and postgraduate law programs in India. AILET is conducted by the National Law University (NLU) in Delhi.
  • Law School Admission Test (LSAT): The Law School Admission Test (LSAT) is an international-level entrance exam for law programs in India and other countries. LSAT is conducted by the Law School Admission Council (LSAC) in the United States.
  • Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT) Entrance Exam: The Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT) Entrance Exam is an entrance exam for admission to the MBA (International Business) program at the IIFT in Delhi. The IIFT program includes a specialisation in international trade law.

Overall, there are several competitive exams for law programs in India, including CLAT, AILET, LSAT, and the IIFT Entrance Exam. These exams are competitive and are used to select students for law programs at various universities.

Career Growth in Law in India

A career in law in India can be rewarding and offer a range of growth opportunities. Here are a few examples of career paths in the direction in India:

  • Legal practice: Graduates of law programs in India can pursue a career in legal practice, working as lawyers in private law firms, government agencies, or other organisations. Lawyers in India can specialise in areas such as criminal law, civil law, corporate law, or international law.
  • Legal academia: Graduates of law programs in India can also pursue a career in legal academia, teaching law at universities or conducting research on legal issues. Legal academia offers the opportunity to contribute to the law field and shape the next generation of legal professionals.
  • Government service: Graduates of law programs in India can also pursue a career in government service, working in areas such as policy development, regulatory affairs, or public administration. Government service offers the opportunity to contribute to the development and implementation of public policy.
  • Private sector: Graduates of law programs in India can also pursue a career in the private sector, working in areas such as corporate law, human resources, or compliance. The private sector offers a wide range of career opportunities and can be a rewarding field for those with a background in law.

Overall, a career in law in India can offer a range of growth opportunities and lead to a rewarding and fulfilling career.

Salary after studying law in India

The salary of a lawyer in India can vary depending on some factors, including the type of law practised, the location, the level of experience, and the size and type of employer. Here are a few estimates of the salary of a lawyer in India:

  1. Fresh graduates: Fresh graduates of law programs in India can expect to earn a salary of around INR 2-5 lakh per annum (approximately $2,700-$6,800), depending on the location and type of employer.
  2. Experienced lawyers: Lawyers with 5-10 years of experience can expect to earn around INR 5-10 lakh per annum (approximately $6,800-$13,600), depending on the location and type of employer.
  3. Senior lawyers: Senior lawyers with over 10 years of experience can expect to earn around INR 10-20 lakh per annum (approximately $13,600-$27,200), depending on the location and type of employer.

Top 10 colleges to study law in India

Several top colleges in India offer law programs, including undergraduate, postgraduate, and professional programs. Here is a list of the top 10 law colleges in India, according to the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) 2021:

  1. National Law School of India University (NLSIU) – Bangalore
  2. National Academy of Legal Studies and Research (NALSAR) – Hyderabad
  3. National Law University (NLU) – Delhi
  4. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur
  5. West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (WBNUJS) – Kolkata
  6. National Law Institute University (NLIU) – Bhopal
  7. Gujarat National Law University (GNLU) – Gandhinagar
  8. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law (RGNUL) – Patiala
  9. Tamil Nadu National Law School (TNNLS) – Tiruchirappalli
  10. Hidayatullah National Law University (HNLU) – Raipur

These colleges are known for their strong faculty and research in law and offer high-quality education in the field. It is important to remember that this list is based on the NIRF 2021 rankings and may vary from other rankings or lists.

Top Companies that hire Law Graduates in India

Many companies in India hire law graduates, including law firms, government agencies, and other organisations. Here are a few examples of top companies that hire law graduates in India:

  1. Law firms: Law firms are among the top companies that hire law graduates in India. These firms typically hire law graduates as associates or trainees and offer them the opportunity to work on various legal issues and cases.
  2. Government agencies: Government agencies, such as the Ministry of Law and Justice, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, and the Ministry of Finance, are also among the top companies that hire law graduates in India. These agencies allow law graduates to work on legal issues related to their specific area of focus.
  3. Multinational corporations: Multinational corporations, such as Microsoft, Google, and Amazon, are also among the top companies that hire law graduates in India. These corporations typically hire law graduates as in-house counsel or legal advisors and offer them the opportunity to work on legal issues related to the company's operations.
  4. Nonprofit organisations: Nonprofit organisations, such as NGOs and charities, are among the top companies hiring law graduates in India. These organisations typically hire law graduates as legal advisors or legal advocates and offer them the opportunity to work on legal issues related to social justice and other causes.

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