All you need to know about Career in Fashion Designing

All you need to know about Career in Fashion Designing

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All you need to know about Career in Fashion Designing
Prashant Thapa

Fashion design creates designs for clothing, accessories, and other lifestyle products. It is a creative field that uses imagination and skills to create fashionable and aesthetically pleasing designs.

Fashion designers work in various areas of the fashion industry, including apparel, footwear, accessories, and textiles. They may create designs for high-end luxury brands or mass-market retailers. The field of fashion designing also includes fashion merchandising, which involves promoting and selling fashion products.

Fashion designing is an important part of the fashion industry, which is a multi-billion dollar global industry. The fashion industry encompasses everything from clothing and footwear to accessories and cosmetics.

Fashion designers are crucial in creating the products that drive this industry. They create designs that reflect current fashion trends and consumer preferences. They use various materials and techniques to create unique, innovative designs that capture consumers' attention.

Fashion designing also involves the creation of new styles and trends, which can significantly impact the industry as a whole. It is a highly competitive field that offers many opportunities for creativity and innovation.

Education and Training

To pursue a career in fashion design, a minimum educational requirement is a high school diploma or equivalent. However, many aspiring fashion designers pursue a degree or diploma in fashion design to understand the field better. A bachelor's degree in fashion design is typically a four-year program that covers various aspects of fashion design, such as sketching, pattern making, draping, textiles, and garment construction.

Fashion designers can also benefit from additional training and certification programs. These programs can be focused on specific areas of fashion design, such as illustration, computer-aided design (CAD), or fashion merchandising. Certification programs can recognise skills and knowledge in specific areas of fashion design and enhance a designer's resume and job prospects.

Fashion design encompasses various specialisations, including.

  1. Apparel design: This specialisation focuses on the design and construction of garments.
  2. Footwear design: This specialisation focuses on the design and construction of footwear, including sneakers, sandals, boots, and high heels.
  3. Accessories design: This specialisation focuses on the design of fashion accessories, such as handbags, belts, jewellery, and eyewear.
  4. Textile design: This specialisation focuses on creating designs for fabrics and textiles in the fashion industry.
  5. Costume design: This specialisation focuses on designing costumes for movies, theatre productions, and television shows.
  6. Fashion merchandising: This specialisation focuses on the business aspect of the fashion industry, including marketing, sales, and retail operations.

Job Description

Roles and Responsibilities in Fashion Designing:

  1. Conceptualization: Fashion designers are responsible for creating unique and innovative concepts for clothing and accessories. They take inspiration from various sources like nature, art, culture, etc., and create aesthetically appealing and functional designs.
  2. Sketching: Once the concept is finalised, fashion designers make rough sketches of their designs. They use computer-aided design (CAD) software or traditional drawing techniques to create detailed sketches.
  3. Fabric Selection: The next step is to select the appropriate fabrics for the designs. Fashion designers must understand different types of fabrics, their properties, and how they behave when draped, cut, or sewn.
  4. Pattern Making: Designers create a pattern or blueprint once the fabric is selected. The pattern is the blueprint for the garment, and it is used to cut the fabric into pieces that will be sewn together to create the final garment.
  5. Sewing and Fitting: After the pattern is created, the designer or the team of tailors sew the garment. They also conduct fittings to ensure the garment fits the model or the client perfectly.
  6. Marketing and Sales: Fashion designers are responsible for marketing and selling their designs. They must keep up with the latest trends, attend fashion shows, and network with industry professionals to promote their brands.

Work Environment:

Fashion designers typically work in a studio or an office environment. They may also work in manufacturing units, retail stores, or fashion houses. They may work long hours, including evenings and weekends, to meet deadlines and prepare for fashion shows.

Career Path in Fashion Designing:

Fashion designers may start their careers as assistant designers or design interns. With experience and talent, they can progress to become senior designers, design directors, or creative directors. They can also start their fashion labels or work as freelance designers.

Salary and Job Outlook

The average salary in Fashion Designing

The salary in Fashion Designing varies depending on job role, experience, location, and organisation. On average, a fashion designer in India can earn a starting salary of around ₹2.5 lakhs to ₹3 lakhs per annum. With experience, the salary can increase from ₹12 lakhs to ₹15 lakhs per annum. However, top fashion designers in India can earn a salary of more than ₹20 lakhs per annum.

The job outlook for Fashion Designing professionals

Fashion Designing is a rapidly growing industry, and the demand for fashion designers constantly increases. The fashion industry is one of the biggest industries globally and is expected to grow in the coming years. The Indian fashion industry is also growing, and many domestic and international brands are investing in the Indian market. Therefore, the job outlook for fashion design professionals is positive, and ample opportunities are available in the industry.

With the rise of e-commerce, social media, and fashion blogs, fashion designers have a wider platform to showcase their talent and creativity. Fashion designers can also work as freelancers and establish their brands in the industry.

Skills Required

Creativity and imagination

  1. Fashion designers must have a keen sense of creativity and imagination to develop innovative designs that stand out in the market.
  2. They should be able to think outside the box and develop unique and original ideas for their designs.
  3. A good sense of colour and design aesthetics is also important.

Technical skills

  1. Fashion designers must have a strong foundation in the technical aspects of fashion design, such as pattern making, draping, and sewing.
  2. They should be able to use computer-aided design (CAD) software and other design tools to create their designs.
  3. Knowledge of different textiles, fabrics, and materials is also crucial.

Business acumen

  1. Fashion designers should understand the business side of fashion, such as market trends, consumer behaviour, and pricing strategies.
  2. They should be able to manage budgets, timelines, and production schedules to ensure their designs are produced on time and within budget.
  3. Networking skills and relationships with suppliers, manufacturers, and retailers are also important.

Communication and interpersonal skills

  1. Fashion designers need to be able to effectively communicate their ideas and designs to clients, team members, and manufacturers.
  2. They should be able to work collaboratively with others, such as stylists, photographers, and models.
  3. Strong presentation skills and the ability to sell their designs to clients and retailers are also important.

Course Structure

Fashion Designing is an interdisciplinary field that includes a wide range of subjects. The course curriculum of Fashion Designing varies from one institution to another. However, the basic structure of the course is similar in most institutions. Here are some of the core subjects, elective subjects, and projects that are covered in a Fashion Designing course:

Core Subjects of Fashion Designing

  1. Fashion History and Theory: This subject covers the history of fashion, fashion trends, and fashion theories. Students learn about the evolution of fashion and how it has been influenced by various factors such as politics, culture, and society.
  2. Fashion Designing and Illustration: This subject covers the fundamentals of fashion design, including design techniques, elements, and principles. Students learn to create fashion illustrations, sketches, and designs using various tools and software.
  3. Textile Science and Technology: This subject covers the different fabrics types, properties, and manufacturing techniques. Students learn about various fabrics in fashion design and how to choose the right fabric for a particular design.
  4. Garment Construction and Pattern Making: This subject covers the basics of garment construction, including pattern making, cutting, and stitching. Students learn how to create patterns for different types of garments and how to sew them together.
  5. Fashion Marketing and Merchandising: This subject covers the marketing and merchandising of fashion products. Students learn about the different marketing and merchandising strategies used in the fashion industry and how to create effective marketing campaigns.

Elective Subjects of Fashion Designing

  1. Fashion Accessories Designing: This subject covers the design of accessories such as bags, shoes, and jewellery.
  2. Fashion Photography: This subject covers the basics of fashion photography, including composition, lighting, and editing.
  3. Fashion Styling: This subject covers the basics of fashion styling, including fashion trends, colour combinations, and coordination of outfits.
  4. Fashion Retailing: This subject covers the basics of retail management, including visual merchandising, inventory management, and customer service.

Projects and Internships in the Course

Most Fashion Designing courses include projects and internships as a part of the course curriculum. These projects and internships provide students with hands-on experience in the fashion industry and help them develop their skills. Some of the projects and internships that are included in the course are

  1. Fashion Show: Students must organize and participate in a fashion show showcasing their designs.
  2. Designing and Creating a Collection: Students must design and create a collection of garments based on a specific theme.
  3. Internship with a Fashion Designing Company: Students must complete an internship with a fashion designing company, where they get practical experience in the field.
  4. Research Project: Students are required to conduct research on a specific topic related to fashion design and present their findings in a research paper or a presentation.

Top Colleges Offering Fashion Designing

Fashion Designing is a popular course offered by numerous institutes across India. Here are some of the top colleges offering Fashion Designing:

Here is a comparison table for the top colleges offering Fashion Designing:

College Name

Entrance Exam

Courses Offered


National Institute of Fashion Technology

NIFT Entrance Exam

UG and PG in Fashion Design

16 campuses across India

Pearl Academy

Entrance Exam

UG, PG, and Diploma in Fashion

Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur, and Noida

Symbiosis Institute of Design

Symbiosis Entrance Test

UG and PG in Design and Fashion


Future of Fashion Designing

Emerging trends and technologies in the fashion industry:

The fashion industry is constantly evolving with emerging trends and technologies. With the rise of e-commerce, digital marketing, and social media platforms, fashion designers must adapt to these changes and integrate them into their designs. 3D printing technology has also gained popularity in the industry, allowing designers to create intricate and complex designs quickly and efficiently.

Sustainability has become a significant concern in the fashion industry. With the growing awareness of the impact of fast fashion on the environment, more and more designers are focusing on sustainable and ethical practices. This has led to the rise of sustainable fashion, including using eco-friendly materials, ethical production practices, and recycling and upcycling.

Industry outlook for Fashion Designing professionals:

The fashion industry is highly competitive, and the demand for new and innovative designs constantly increases. However, with the rise of e-commerce and digital marketing, fashion designers now have more opportunities to showcase their work to a global audience.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment of fashion designers is projected to grow by 3% from 2019 to 2029, about as fast as the average for all occupations.

However, the competition for jobs in the industry is expected to be high, as there are more designers than available positions. Therefore, designers who are versatile and can adapt to emerging trends and technologies are likely to have better job prospects. Additionally, designers with a strong portfolio and industry connections will have an advantage in the job market.

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