Types of Universities in Germany: Public Universities in Germany, Private Universities in Germany & More

Types of Universities in Germany: Public Universities in Germany, Private Universities in Germany & More

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Types of Universities in Germany: Public Universities in Germany, Private Universities in Germany & More
Sailesh Sitaula

In Germany, higher education is primarily regulated at the state level with some central regulation. Several organizations, mostly universities, provide this education. They award undergraduate, graduate, and doctorate degrees. Additionally, they offer students additional professional and vocational certifications.

Due to Germany's universities' high degree of autonomy, the deadlines for applications and admissions vary from one institution to the next. Therefore, you should carefully check the policies of the university you've chosen.

The type of German university you should attend, and the degree you are interested in taking are two of the primary items on your list. One of the most critical aspects of studying in Germany is this. 

Your German expenditures, tuition costs, degree recognition, and the type of degree you will receive depend on the sort of course and university you choose. In this article, let's talk about the many kinds of universities in Germany and other educational aspects of Germany.

In Germany, there are two critical distinctions between universities. One based on their expertise and the other based on their financial support. Both factors are significant because you will be studying in Germany, so you must know them. 

You can select the best course, university, and degree you want to earn from Germany by being aware of many German universities and their courses.

Top Universities in Germany for PhD

Types of German Universities: Based on Specialization


University is the best option for you if you're interested in learning in a rigorously academic and research-focused setting. You can choose from various disciplines at universities to further your education. Universities are considerably more often used to refer to comprehensive universities in Germany.

Universities provide a wide variety of subjects and courses. Schools that specialize in areas including cutting-edge technology, medicine, and education. A university is the ideal setting for you if you want to enrol in a PhD program in Germany. 

Universities in Germany provide a diverse range of courses from Bachelor's to Doctoral studies and are primarily focused on theoretical subjects, pure research, and applied research.

Subtypes of Universities

  • Technical University (TU)
  • Theological University 
  • University of Education
  • University of Public Administration
  • Medical University

Leading Universities in Germany

  • Heidelberg University
  • University of Stuttgart
  • University of Freiburg
  • Technical University of Berlin
  • Technical University of Munich
  • Humboldt University of Berlin

University of Applied Science

Universities of applied sciences would be more appealing to you if you prefer a learning style that is more practice-oriented. You will participate in academic sessions, visit real-world settings like businesses, and test things out while studying. Students can apply theoretical knowledge to problem-solving in companies and with various fabrics in applied science colleges.

Internships and a practical module are typically included in degree programs. This makes it possible for students to use their expertise in the workplace at corporations and businesses. These universities are required to enrol students who are eager to work. The University Of Applied Sciences is the place for you if you're interested in studying on the job and want to gather practical knowledge while comprehending subject theory.

Top Universities of Applied Sciences in Germany

  • RWTH Aachen
  • Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
  • Esslingen University of Applied Sciences
  • Hamburg University of Applied Sciences
  • Beuth University of Applied Sciences Berlin

University of Art, Film and Music

You might be the ideal choice for a college of art, film, or music if you want to pursue a creative or design-focused field. You can take courses in fine arts, fashion and industrial design, graphic arts, instrumental music, voice, etc., at such universities. Students are taught how to become directors, camera operators, screenwriters, technicians, and producers for cinema and television in modern media colleges. 

Candidates must display a high artistic potential via an aptitude test to be considered for such a program. Therefore, if you want to apply to a college of art, film, or music, you can expect specific entrance standards.

Those who are gifted artists are welcome to apply. By enrolling in classes at these universities, you can specialise in your field of art and hone your skills while earning a recognised degree.

Top Universities of Art, Film & Music in Germany

  • Bauhaus University, Weimar
  • Berlin University of the Arts
  • University of the Arts, Bremen
  • Braunschweig University of Art
  • University of Fine Arts, Münster
  • State Academy of Fine Arts, Stuttgart
  • The Academy of Fine Arts, Leipzig

University of Technology

Studying at one of the various Universities of Technology is one of your finest options if you want to pursue a highly technical course of study in engineering or management. Numerous engineering-related programs are available to students at the Bachelor's, Master's, and doctoral levels. Although the degrees are not just in science and technology, these colleges train students for a highly technical or research profession in the field of science and technology in Germany. 

Top Universities of Technology in Germany

  • RWTH Aachen
  • TU Berlin
  • TU Braunschweig
  • TU Darmstadt
  • TU Dresden
  • Leibniz University Hannover
  • Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
  • TU Munich
  • University of Stuttgart

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Types of German Universities: Based on Funding

Public Universities

Because they are owned and funded by the government, public universities are incredibly affordable. Tuition is typically not charged at public universities. You will therefore be required to pay a small administrative fee each semester.

In general, public colleges have more stringent entrance standards than private ones. These requirements are necessary since public colleges are open to all students, including those from abroad. There is fierce competition because public institutions in Germany are still more well-known and receive more applications than they can accept.

Top Public Universities in Germany

  • The Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
  • Technical University of Munich
  • Heidelberg University
  • Humboldt University of Berlin
  • University of Tübingen

Private Universities

German universities that are privately run and recognised by the state are known as private universities. Since private universities make up the majority of universities of applied sciences in Germany, there may be a price associated with attending one.

There are currently 120 private universities in Germany, changing the country's student population regularly as private universities grow in popularity. Programs in business administration and other related fields are primarily available at private universities in Germany. 

Some private institutions offer programs in English and cater specifically to international students interested in the arts and fashion. Germany's education level is very high, whether you attend a public or private university. In addition to saving time, following a private university offers less competition for admission.

Top Private Universities in Germany

  • Berlin School of Business and Innovation
  • Jacobs University Bremen
  • Cologne Business School
  • EU Munich Business School
  • International School of Management (ISM)
  • EU Business School, Munich

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